緊急~醫學原文翻譯 英翻中

Similarly, prospective audits reported in the literature of wound infections after caesarean section, gallbladder surgery and central central venous catheter (CVC)-related bloodstream infections were all prospective, targeted surveillance projects aimed at identifying risk factors or the value of antibiotic... show more Similarly, prospective audits reported in the literature of wound infections after caesarean section, gallbladder surgery and central central venous catheter (CVC)-related bloodstream infections were all prospective, targeted surveillance projects aimed at identifying risk factors or the value of antibiotic prophylaxis. A further link between audit and surveillance is provided by the current programme of surgical wound infection surveillance in scotland. This was shaped by audits which focused on the importance of definitions and methods, including the employment of a dedicated audit/surveillance nurse and economic benefits of the programme.

Potential and partial audit
Many examples of potential and partial audits in infection control are reported in the literature. These audits are incomplete in that the audit loop is not closed. Changes may be advised or recommendations made as a result of the project, but the effects of those changes are not re-audited.

Although it could be argued that there is little point in describing an infection control problem if nothing is done to ameliorate it, much useful information may be gleaned from these projects.

Many audits are concerned with observing adherence to established guidelines, often on a regional or national basis. for example, a regional questionnaire-based audit of infection control practices in 16 centres during waterbirths found wide variation in care of the poor, use of disinfectants, microbiological testing of the pool, provision of face and eye protection for staff, and surveillance of infection in mother and child. form the audit, recommendations were made that infection control policies for waterbirths should include instructions for pool maintenance and decontamination, prevention of legionella, universal precautions and use of personal protective equipment, hepatitis B vaccination for staff, and postnatal surveillance of babies for infection
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