- 1 decade agoFavorite Answer
主 格所 有 格 受 格
人 whowhose whom
物.動物 whichwhose(of which) which
人+物+動物 that x that
ex: The man who came yesterday was happy.
ex: Here is a magazine which develops your mind.
ex: I am talking to the boy whose father is a doctor.
ex: The cat whose color is black is very cute.
ex: The girl whom you talk to is my sister. = The girl who you talk to is my sister.
= The girl that you talk to is mt sister. = The girl you talk to is my sister.
= The girl to whom you talk is my sister.
1.先行詞前面是最高級形容詞時 ex: He is the tallest boy that I have ever seen.
2.先行詞是人+動物或人+事物 ex: I saw Mary and her dog that were running in the park.
3.先行詞前面有序數 ex: Cathy is the first girl that came yesterday.
4.先行詞前面有all ; no ; every ; any ; the only ; the same ; the very
ex: He is the only student that can answer the question.
ex: All the girls that can answer the question can get candies.
5.疑問句以Who ; Which ; What為首的問句 ex: Who is the girl that has long hair?
1.介系詞之後 ex: Do you know the man to whom John spoke yesterday?
2.逗點之後 ex: I like the house, which is big and new.
ex: I have a brother who lives in Taipei.不只一個哥哥
ex: I have a brother, who lives in Taipei.只有一個哥哥
◎關係副詞where ; what的用法
1. where表地方,=in which
ex: This is the house where John lives. = This is the house in which John lives.
=This is the house which John lives in. = This is the house John lives in.
2. what為不須先行詞之複合關係代名詞 =the thing(s) which
ex: I believe what you said. =I believe the thing(s) which you said.
ex: She bought what she needed last night. =She bought the things which she needed last night.