Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago


1.ambiguity (confusion over definition of word)

2.circular reasoning (begging the question)

3.equivocation (changing definitions)

4.appeal to authority

5.two wrongs make a right

6.argument by force

7.attacking the person (ad hominem)

8.irrelevant reason

2 Answers

  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    1.ambiguity (confusion over definition of word)

    definition: unclearness by virtue of having more than one meaning

    example: A poem full of ambiguities.

    2.circular reasoning

    definition : Defining one word(reason) in terms of another that is itself defined in terms of the first word(reason) or Evidence or arguments used in thinking or argumentation.

    example: A circular reasons often comes along with argument.


    definition : An equivocal statement or expression

    example: My favorite example of equivocation comes from my graduate logic professor.

    4.appeal to authority

    definition : Given power to do things.

    example: She appeal to authority as an citizenship holder.

    5.two wrongs make a right

    definition : Making mistakes may lead you to no mistake.

    example: Mother often told us "two wrongs make a right" to teach us that people had gone through alot of mistakes in their life to learn a good way.

    6.argument by force

    definition : A discussion in which disagreement which you were not willing to make.

    example: This i assume would be an argument by force.

    7.attacking the person

    definition : violent force against other.

    example: A men was attacking the person walking on the road.

    8.irrelevant reason

    definition : extraneous, immaterial, impertinent, not applicable

    example: I will take this as an irrelevant reason.Since it does not make sense.

    Source(s): 自己
  • 1 decade ago







    7.抨擊人(廣告hominem )


    Source(s): me
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