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Anonymous asked in 健康疾病與處置傳染病 · 1 decade ago

單核白血球增多症之抗體與其他異嗜性抗體的區別

如題,傳染性單核白血球增多症之抗體如何與其他異嗜性抗體相區別?

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  • Peter
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    傳染性單核白血球增多症 或 傳染性單核球增多症(infectious mononucleosis)是一種由 EB病毒(Epstein-Barr virus) 感染,所引起的病變。(巨細胞病毒CMV感染也可引起此症)血液中的單核球(monocyte,白血球的一種)會升高,故名。臨床症狀為發燒、喉嚨痛、淋巴組織腫大( 包括化膿性扁桃腺炎,頸部淋巴腺腫大)、脾臟腫大等。受到EB病毒感染,會產生一種可以讓綿羊紅血球( sheep RBC)聚集的抗體。這樣的抗體被稱為異嗜性抗體(heterophil antibody或heterophile antibody),也叫做福斯曼氏抗體(Forssman antibody)。檢查患者血液中,能否讓綿羊紅血球( sheep RBC)聚集,也就是是否含有的異嗜性抗體檢查,就叫做異嗜性抗體凝集檢查或福斯曼氏抗體檢查。異嗜性抗體凝集檢查是用來輔助診斷是否有EB病毒感染,而非只有針對傳染性單核球增多症,EB病毒也可以引發淋巴癌、鼻咽癌等問題。也就是異嗜性抗體陽性反應,代表的是曾經受到EB病毒感染,要診斷傳染性單核球增多症,需要配合上述其他臨床症狀及單核球檢驗。參考資料1. http://health.allrefer.com/health/heterophil-agglu... Heterophil agglutination test is a means of detecting two antibodies in the blood that indicate infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). 2. http://www.wordwebonline.com/en/FORSSMANANTIBODYNo... Forssman antibody An antibody found in the blood of someone suffering from infectious mononucleosis- heterophil antibody, heterophile antibody3. http://health.allrefer.com/health/infectious-monon... Alternate Names : Epstein-Barr Viral Syndrome, Infectious Mononucleosis, Kissing Disease, MonoDefinitionMononucleosis is a viral infection causing fevers, sore throat, and swollen lymph glands, especially in the neck. It is typically caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), but can also be caused by other organisms such as the cytomegalovirus (CMV). Both viruses are members of the herpesvirus family. Pictures & Images

    圖片參考:http://medicalimages.allrefer.com/thumbnails/monon...

    Mononucleosis - MouthAlternate Names : Forssman Antibody Test, Paul-Bunnell Test

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