有關於英文”維持”的一些問題?

像 keep remain retain maintain stay

在英文都有保留 保持 的意思

想問各位英文高手

這些字該怎麼區分和應用呢?

因為常常不知該用哪個字

謝謝~

Update:

我想知道 這些動詞後面要加V-ing或形容詞

還有哪些是及物哪些不及物

2 Answers

Rating
  • 1 decade ago
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    Keep 保持,後面一定要加Ving. 最常用的字. I have to keep my family. 我要養家.

    這時除了maintain其它的字都不適用. Keep有"一段長時間不變" 的意思.用途廣泛.

    Maintain,是把一個東西保持原來的樣子. Frank maintains his car very well. 有用某種手段去保持. 接近keep.

    Retain, 原來什麼樣子就什麼樣子,不動它. 或沒有刻意去保持它.She retains a good memory of those days.

    Remain,是停留的意思 把某"痕跡"物留下來. Several problems remain to be solved. 接近stay的用法. 凡走過必留痕跡(Trace still remain)

    Stay,是停留的意思 把某物留下來. Stay for a while. 還有要人留下來只用這個字,其他的字都不適用. Please stay! (Please keep? Please retain? Please maintain? Please remain? 不對吧?)

    再舉例: 我保養我的車.

    I keep my car . 0

    I maitain my car . 0

    I retain my car . x 不是保養而是留下

    I stay my car . x 不是保養而是留下

    I remain my car. 沒有人這樣說.

    請保持這姿勢. Please keep the pose.

    請"用某些方法"保持這姿勢. Please maintain the pose.

    請"留下" 這姿勢. Please stay/retain the pose.

    英文唸多了就會分辨.

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