郁錡 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

再請問幾題托福的文法題

我這還有幾題問題,還請各位大大幫個忙:

1. All the planets in the solar system except Mercury and Venus have natural satellites, ___objects that revolve around the planets.

A. which

B. which are

C. of which

D. and which 答案是B,有人可以幫我分析一下這種關代的題型嗎?每次都被吃死死的,還是有人知道關代這種題目有什麼訣竅嗎? 謝謝!

改錯題:

2. With the discovery of gold in the Klondike in Canada\'s Yukon Territory in 1896, people flocked soon there from all parts of the world.

A. With

B. of gold

C. flocked soon

D. all parts 答案是C,可以解釋一下嗎?

3. Until the George Washington Bridge was built, modern suspension bridges were stiffened with steel trusses and beams to limited their motion in traffic and wind.

A. Until

B. was built

C. to limited

D. in traffic 答案是C,一樣看不出為什麼

4. Transistors exhibit a high amplification factor, operate without distored over a wide frequency range, and can be made extremely small.

A. exhibit

B.distorted

C. wide frequency

D. extremely small. 答案是B,同樣的,解釋一下唄

5. In most cases of epilepsy, cerebral electrical activity, also known as brain waves. demonstrates a characteristically abnormal rhythms.

A. In most

B. demonstrates

C. characteristically

D. rhythms 答案是D,可是有人可以說一下為什麼B對嗎

6. New York City\'s theatrical district was concentrated the Bowery from 1860 to 1875, and around 1900 the avenue became a center for the Yiddish theater.

A. theatrical district

B. concentrated

C. around

D. became 答案是B,一樣不知道為什麼

7. One of the most impressive cultural achievements of the United State during the 1920\'s was a vastly outpouring of serious literature.

A. most impressive

B during

C vastly

D. serious literture 答案C,一樣需要解釋一下

8. The chemical element chlorine is a corrosive, greenish-yellow gas that has sharp odor and has 2 1/2 times heavier than air.

A. chemical element

B. that

C. sharp

D. has

答案是D,一樣需要解釋一下

9.Different fourteen crops were being grown 8,600 years ago by some of the world\'s earliest farmers.

A. Different fourteen

B. being grown

C. ago

D. farmers

答案是A,想問兩個,一:B選項為何對;另一:如果A錯的原因是因為順序的話,有沒有那種序數、形容詞、數量…等的順序表,也就是誰排前面誰排後面的表格,謝謝^^

2 Answers

Rating
  • 1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    1. 關係代名詞,無生命物、其他動物就用"which",人的話就是用"who"。在子句裡面,"which"取代了前面落落長所有的那些名詞,變成所謂「代名詞」,但又跟前面的東西有關係,所以是「關係代名詞」。

    A. which→which後面要加be-動詞或是動詞才是一個完整子句

    B. which are→正確答案。用了"which"取代前面的名詞,同時又有了be-動詞

    C. of which→這是「其中」的意思。例如,"There are 10 planets in the solar system, OF WHICH only Mercury and Venus do not have natural satellites"

    D. and which →這是要and什麼?

    改錯題:

    2.

    D. flocked soon→應該是 people soon flocked there吧

    3.

    C. to limited→ to limitED... "to"後面要用原形動詞.. "to limit"

    4.

    B.distorted → "without"後面要用動詞+ing... 所以是"without distoring"

    5.

    →"brain waves"雖然是複數,可是它只是補充說明"cerebral electrical activity" (腦電子活動) 是什麼而已,cerebral electrical activity才是這句的主詞,動詞要跟主詞變化,所以當然用"demonstrates"第三人稱單數變化。Rhythms是錯的,因為 A characteristically abnormal rhythmS... 前面"a"代表它是單數後面就不該有"-s"。

    6.

    B. concentrated→ 這題其實題目出得很不好... Bowery是紐約的一條街,所以前面應該有地方連接詞... "on the Bowery"才對... 可是這題對對紐約不熟的人很不公平。

    7.

    C. vastly→ vastly=助詞,應該放在動詞後面。可是這個字前接不定冠詞"a"後接動名詞outpouring,沒道理用助詞。動名詞基本上算是名詞,名詞前面應該要用形容詞,所以是"...a vast outpouring of serious literature"才是。

    8.

    D. has→錯的應該是第二個has,因為它是說這個化學元素的重量比空氣重1.5倍,所以應該是用be動詞,也就是:"...gas that has sharp oder and IS 2 1/2 heaveir than air" 才對

    9.

    1) 其實這方面中英文差不多... "different fourteen crops"=不同的十四種穀物;"fourteen different crops"=十四種不同的穀物... 用中文想就知道為何錯啦。

    2) B是錯的...因為"were being grown"基本上"were"已經是be動詞的過去式了,所以過去被動式應該是"were grown"就可以了...

    2006-05-05 14:48:06 補充:

    哈哈... 有問題再問沒關係...^^

    托福過了我也有功勞啊?請客吧...XD

    Source(s): 自己
  • 1 decade ago

    1. 從前半句看的出來,S→ all plants V→ have 由於植物無生命,所以一定是要用which而非 who,而關係代名詞的作用是用來連接句子,所以D去掉,不能有and。再來,空格後面的object有s而主詞複數,所以objects為名詞而非動詞。接著,去掉C,因為會將介係詞放在前面,表示把原本在句尾的介係詞搬過去了,但這句中並不會用到任何需要有of的東西!(這比較抽像,希望妳懂,不懂再問我!)接著挑A、B這據中並沒有which表主詞,但沒有動詞,所以!答案選有動詞的B

    2. 前半句是由with帶出來的介係詞片語,所以主詞是在後半句的people,從空格到句點,完全沒有動詞,所以要挑有動詞的C啦!又因為在1896年,所以用過去式!

    2006-05-03 14:06:26 補充:

    ㄟ,已經有人寫完全部了!強!我覺得要看的出來,選到正確的答案,你看句子的時候要去找主詞和動詞,降對妳看句子幫助會比較大!:)加油

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