keitt asked in 社會與文化語言 · 2 decades ago

被動語態之後為何加動名詞??

我搞不懂這一句的文法,可否幫忙解釋一下,麻煩再舉一個有同樣情況的例子好嗎?thanks

Tim was caught cheating on the test.

^^^^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^^^

被動 + 動名詞 ????????

2 Answers

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  • Adam
    Lv 7
    2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    這句話應該是從catch (caught為過去式跟過去分詞的型態)的用法來看!首先我們先將原被動句改成主動:The teacher caught Tim cheating on the test.catch + 受詞 + 受詞補語(V-ing)此處的現在分詞V-ing(這裡非動名詞的用法,雖然他們長得一樣,但文法功能不同),是當修飾語,修飾前面的受詞Tim,指的是Tim是作弊的人!而就算是主動改成被動,原來的補語型態(V-ing)也不會也所變化,只不過這個補語現在叫做主詞補語罷了(修飾主詞,因為現在cheating所修飾的Tim現在放在主詞的位置了):主詞 + be caught + 主詞補語(V-ing)Tim was caught cheating on the test.同理你可以造出許多相同的句子來:The security guard caught him stealing money.--> He was caught stealing money.We caught John sneaking into the house.--> John was caught sneaking into the house.

    Source(s): myself
  • 2 decades ago

    cheating並不是因為放在被動語態之後才需要作動名詞變化.

    "cheating on the test"是個名詞子句.

    只要是一個動作當成名詞用時,都要作動名詞變化.

    舉個例子吧!

    "Speaking good English is easy."=="說一口流利的英文是很簡單的"

    主詞(名詞): Speak good English

    be動詞: is

    形容詞: easy

    *當動詞轉為名辭化就需要轉呈動名詞的型式(or 不定辭型式)

    (顧名思義)

    Tim was caught ( cheating on the test).

    Tim被抓到作弊了.

    作弊是這句話的主要受格.

    而受格就是名詞的一種.

    就要把它"名詞化"

    所以,cheat 要改成動名詞.

    Source(s):
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