10點!過去分詞P.P及現在分詞Ving的用法?

我常搞不清楚過去分詞P.P及現在分詞Ving的用法,例如:Includ這個字好了,有時在句子會看到...inculding...或是....inculded...。

到底什麼時候要用過去分詞什麼時會要用現在分詞呢?

請詳述,謝謝。

1 Answer

Rating
  • Favorite Answer

    根據longman:

    INCLUDING: used to introduce something or someone that is part of a larger group or amount you have just mentioned 是介係詞

    ex.You'll need a variety of skills, including leadership and negotiating.

    including東西已經變成習慣用法,包含什麼什麼。

    INCLUDED: including someone or something是形容詞

    ex.Everyone has to go to the dentist, you included.

    如果要知道何時該用過去分詞或是現在分詞。最主要要知道主詞的動作是主動還是被動。譬如例子一:你會需要多種技巧,包含領導、協商。

    技巧是主動包含,不是被動被包含的。

    例二:每個都要看牙醫,你也包含在內。是說你被包含在每個人中,不是主動。

    尤其在一些句子,在副詞子句和主要句子的主詞都是一樣就可以省略副詞子句的主詞。如果動作為主動,就將動詞改現在分詞;反之。

    ex.when watching TV he likes to do exercise.

    Source(s): myself+longman
Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.