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小寶 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 2 decades ago



2 Answers

  • Sunny
    Lv 4
    2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    THE BASIC ELEMENTS OF CULTURELanguage. Language is a set of symbols used to assign and communicate meaning. It enables us to name or label the things in our world so we can think and communicate about them. Language as a social product. Language, communication and interaction. Language, cognition, and reality. Language and culture. Norms. Norms as humanly created rules for behavior. The production of norms. The need for orderly, stable, predictable interactions. The role of power in the production of norms. The reification of norms. Renegotiating and changing norms. Types of norms. Folkways. Mores. Taboos. Rituals. Social Control. Internal social control. Socialization and the internalization of norms. Ideologies, beliefs, and values. External social control. Informal santions. Physical and verbal reactions. Embarrasment and stygma. Avoidance and ostracization. The importance of informal sactions in small groups and organizations. Formal sanctions. Formal sanctions in large organizations. Governments, laws, and police. Courts, hearings, trials, and punishments. Values. Beliefs and ideologies. Statuses and Roles. Social Collectives. Cultural Integration. ..........(內容還有很多,但超過字數 ! 請看{參考資料}!)

    Lv 7
    2 decades ago

    The word culture, from the Latin colo, -ere, with its root meaning "to cultivate", generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance. Different definitions of "culture" reflect different theoretical bases for understanding, or criteria for evaluating, human activity. Anthropologists most commonly use the term "culture" to refer to the universal human capacity to classify, codify and communicate their experiences symbolically. This capacity is taken as a defining feature of the genus Homo, though Jane Goodall (The Chimpanzees of Gombe: Patterns of Behavior, 1986) identified aspects of culture among our closest relatives.

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