純慧 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

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Reef Check

Reef Check is a protocol for rapid assessment of reefs, and is specifically designed for non-professionals and volunteers. Initiated in 1997, it is carried out annually on a worldwide basis and now involves a large pool of enthusiastic volunteer SCUBA divers and free divers in over 40 countries. A network of regional, national and local co-ordinators match up teams of experienced recreational divers with professional marine scientists. The scientists are responsible for training, leading the surveys and ensuring accurate data collection. The Reef Check methods employ carefully selected indicator organisms based on those advocated by the GCRMN. The methodology can be learned in one day and involves a strict quality control system. Thus, Reef Check represents the ‘community-based’ monitoring protocol of the GCRMN. Further information is available in Hodgson (1999, 2000) and on the Reef Check website

(see References and Resource Materials section).

There are a number of key issues to consider when developing a monitoring programme in relation to bleaching or other serious damage on reefs:

1. What regional or national monitoring programmes are available in the area? These should be contacted through web sites or directly through the programme co- ordinators (see References and Resource Materials section). Reef Check’s methods are available on their web site, and GCRMN outlines its protocol online. Both may be able to facilitate funding or initial support. Other organisations or programmes in a region may also be able to provide assistance.

2. What are the objectives of the monitoring programme? These should be clearly defined, as they will influence the methods selected. The methods themselves should be simple, but flexible and adaptive, so that as resources become available, more detailed information can be collected, or more sophisticated methods used.

Update:

3. The first step should be a rapid assessment of the bleached or damaged area, the results of which can then be compared to any available pre-impact data.

Update 2:

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  • 1 decade ago
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    礁石檢查

    礁石檢查是一個協議為對礁石的迅速評估, 和具體地被設計為非專家和志願者。創始, 1997 年它年年被執行根據全世界依據和現在介入熱心志願水肺潛水者和自由潛水者一大群完全成功40 個國家。地方, 全國和地方協調員網路匹配老練的消遣潛水者的隊與專業海洋科學家。科學家負責訓練, 帶領勘測和保證準確搜集資料。礁石檢查方法使用仔細地選擇的顯示有機體根據那些由GCRMN 主張。方法學可能學會在一天和介入一個嚴密的質量管理系統。因而, 礁石檢查代表` 基於社區' 監測GCRMN 的協議。詳細資訊是可利用的在Hodgson (1999 年, 2000) 並且在礁石檢查網站

    (參見參考和資源材料部分) 。

    有一定數量的主要問題考慮當開發監控程式關於漂白或其它嚴重的損傷在礁石:

    1. 什麼地方或全國監控程式是可利用的在區域? 這些應該被接觸通過網站或直接地通過節目co- ordinators (參見參考和資源材料部分) 。礁石檢查的方法是可利用的在他們的網站, 並且GCRMN 在網上概述它的協議。兩個也許能促進資助或標註姓名起首字母支持。其它組織或節目在區域也許並且能提供援助。

    2. 什麼是監控程式的宗旨? 這些應該清楚地被定義, 因為他們將影響方法被選擇。方法應該簡單, 但靈活和能適應, 以便當資源變得可利用, 更加詳細的資訊可能被收集, 或精密方法被使用。

    3 。第一步應該是對被漂白的或損壞的區域的一個迅速評估, 結果的可能然後與任一可利用的前衝擊資料比較。

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