偉強 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

請問這段英文是什麼意思? 不要線上翻譯唷(20點)

Research has suggested that children with LI may have difficulty making inferences based on physical events (Bishop & Adams, 1992; Crais & Chapman, 1987; Ellis Weismer, 1985), as well as those based on mental states (Axelrod, 1982; Dimitrovsky, Spector, Levy-Shiff, & Vakil, 1998; Holder & Kirkpatrick, 1991; Sweet Nichols, 1998). The ability to readily infer other people\'s feelings (mental state) may be a critical link between language comprehension difficulties (specifically, making inferences) and the social difficulties experienced by children with LI (e.g., Bryan, 1977).

The negative social consequences based on LI become apparent during the early preschool years. Children as young as 3 tend to avoid conversing with their language-impaired peers (Rice, Sell, & Hadley, 1991). By 4 years of age, children with language comprehension deficits are chosen as least liked by their typical peers (Gertner, Rice, & Hadley, 1994). These trends continue throughout the school years, when children with language-based learning disabilities continue to be less popular than typical peers (e.g., Horowitz, 1981). One potential source of these social difficulties may be related to the ability to infer another person\'s mental state based on linguistic and/or nonlinguistic cues, and to then make an appropriate response.

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    研究已經建議有LI的孩子可能很難使推論基于物理事件(主教和亞當斯,1992; Crais和行商,1987; 1985,艾理斯Weismer),和那些基于精神狀態(阿克塞爾羅德,1982; Dimitrovsky,斯佩克特,徵收Shiff和Vakil,1998; 持有者和林克培特裡克,1991; 漂亮的妮可斯,1998)。 ( 明確的能力,容易推斷其他人的感覺( 精神狀態)可能是在語言理解困難之間的危險的連接,使推論)社會困難以孩子有LI 經歷( 例如,布賴恩,1977)。

    基于LI的負的社會結果在早的學前的年變得明顯。 3年輕的孩子傾向于避免與語言削弱一起談話盯著看(大米,出售,和哈德利,1991)。 4歲, 有語言理解赤字的孩子被象最小透過他們的典型的貴族(Gertner,大米,以及哈德利,1994)喜歡的那樣選擇。

    這些趨勢在整個學生時代,這時有基于語言的無學習能力的孩子繼續不如典型的貴族受歡迎繼續 (e.g.,霍羅維茨,1981)。 這些社會困難的一勢源可能與基于語言和/或nonlinguistic 暗示推斷另一個人的精神狀態的能力有關,並且然後做合適的回應。

    Source(s): myself
  • 1 decade ago

    可以請問一下你這提是和語言學或是英語教學有關的嗎

    我知道他的意思可以說大意就好嗎

    Source(s): 自己
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