Yahoo Answers is shutting down on May 4th, 2021 (Eastern Time) and beginning April 20th, 2021 (Eastern Time) the Yahoo Answers website will be in read-only mode. There will be no changes to other Yahoo properties or services, or your Yahoo account. You can find more information about the Yahoo Answers shutdown and how to download your data on this help page.





2 Answers

  • 莎莎
    Lv 6
    2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    Referentialism- the meaning and value of music (or any art) exists outside of the work itself. To find the meaning of music (or art), you must go to the ideas, emotion, attitudes, and events (that exist outside of the artwork) to which you are referred by the music.Referentialism (被譯作“思辨主義”,“參照主義”或“參考主義”) 是主張一件藝術作品的意義及價值應超脫作品本身之外,而重點在於理念、情感、態度、事件,藝術作品的功能是在提示你、告訴你、使你瞭解、或使你經驗到某些超藝術的東西,超過藝術創作及其藝術素質。 簡單來說, 在音樂的領域中, 樂曲的價值, 除了旋律, 和聲, 樂曲的織度之外, 還包含了其他"非藝術"的價值, 像是有劇情, 或是描寫事件等等.  像是普羅高菲夫的"彼得與狼", 李斯特的"交響詩", 甚至是電影配樂都具有Referential的意義.=================參考資料:

    2006-04-13 20:01:26 補充:

    1956, 梅爾(Leonard B. Mayer)提出的美學理論還包含:Formalism---形式主義, 與Expressionism---表現主義Referentialism--- spatio-temporal association, denotative (指示性的)Formalism--- explicit knowledge, intellectual (學術性的)Expressionism--- pattern of tension and release, embodied meaning (融入情感的)

    2006-04-13 20:04:23 補充:

    這篇文章很不錯, 財旺兄怎麼找到的?

    Source(s): 音樂系博士生
  • 2 decades ago


    2006-04-18 15:03:51 補充:




Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.