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Sam asked in 社會與文化語言 · 2 decades ago

★幫幫忙很急的 英文期刊翻譯--10點

The traditional buyer-supplier relationship that emphasizes multiple sourcing, competitive bidding and use of short-term contracts has been characterized as adversarial (Hahn et al., 1986). It tends to focus on the short-term view of the purchase price and quality of a product instead of the long-term capabilities of the suppliers. However, there is a shift to developing long-term supplier capabilities in response to escalating competition, shorter product life cycles, and rapidly changing customer demands (Watts and Hahn, 1993, Shepherd, 1994). Although much has been written on buyer-supplier relationships (Heide and John, 1990; Ellram, 1991), there, is a lack of empirical models for establishing a successful buyer-supplier partnership.

Supplier certification

Another issue that has often been discussed in the supply chain management literature is supplier certification, primarily focused on purchased raw materials, components and final goods, and in a few cases, on service suppliers (Schneider et al., 1995, Jancsurak, 1992). Operating a supplier certification programme appears is inevitable for a JIT manufacturer that operates with no excess inventory and needs to deliver to the point of use (Maass, 1988; Burgess, 1987). The ultimate goal of supplier certification is quality at the source and to reduce inventory, non-conformance, communication errors, duplicate testing, receiving inspection, deliver to point of use, cycle time, and the ability to shift focus from process input to output. An early work in supplier certification is by Grieco (1989) who proposes a five-phase supplier certification process. Eventually, supplier certification extends to include the logistics function, Gibson et al.


1 Answer

  • 2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    強調多個源頭的傳統買家供應商關係, 對短期合同的競標和用途被描繪了作為adversarial (Hahn 等, 1986). 它傾向於集中於產品的購買價和質量的短期看法代替供應商的長期能力。 但是有變化到回應擴大競爭,更短產品生活周期發展長期的供應者能力,而且快速地改變消費者要求. (瓦特和 1993 歲的哈恩牧羊者, 1994) 雖然很多已經在買主-供應者的關係上被寫(Heide 和約翰, 1990; Ellram, 1991), 那裡,是建立成功的買主-供應者的合夥缺乏經驗模型。


    在供應鏈已經時常被討論的另一個議題管理文學是供應者證明,主要地把重心集中在購買的原料,成份和最後的貨物,和在一些情況,在服務供應者身上(Schneider 以及其他人。, 1995, Jancsurak, 1992).操作供應者證明計劃出現對一個以沒有過度存貨清單操作,而且需要使用扼要遞送的 JIT 製造業者是不可避免的(Maass, 1988; 伯吉斯, 1987). 供應者證明的終極目標在來源是品質和減少存貨清單,非順應,溝通錯誤,副本測試,接受檢驗,遞送使用,週期指出,和能力改變從程序輸入到輸出的焦點。 一個早的工作在供應者證明中是由提議一個五階段的供應者證明程序的 Grieco(1989) 。 最後,供應者證明延伸包括物流管理功能,桀布生雞尾酒以及其他人。

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