? asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

文法問題, 求助各位高手, 請幫忙解決

It was began in 1970, and was attended by one thousand and five hundred people each paying an admission price of L1.

這是我在bbc news上看到的一段話~

我想了解為何在此是用 each paying?

在文法上是如何減化的, 我實在找不出原因

麻煩各位高手幫忙解答,謝謝~

Update:

sorry. began前沒有was,我多打了

2 Answers

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  • Adam
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    這句話原來完整的寫應該是:It was began in 1970, and was attended by one thousand and five hundred people, each of whom paid an admission price of L1.或是:It was began in 1970, and was attended by one thousand and five hundred people, and each of them paid an admission price of L1.不管是哪一種寫法,其中都有一個連接詞(關係代名詞whom引導形容詞子句;and銜接另一個句子),所以動詞也是依照前半句的過去是來寫!但是當這些連接詞不見的時候,動詞不能再以過去式的時態呈現(因為一個句子只能配一組主詞跟動詞),所以必須要以分詞片語(V-ing表主動,Vpp表被動)的方式來寫,於是就是你所聽到的句子了!舉個相似的例子:He has three sons, all (of whom are) working in Taipei.She has more than a hundred pairs of shoes, each (of which was) made by hand.

    2006-03-28 11:02:52 補充:

    另外補充更正你所聽到的句子:It WAS BEGAN .... 應該沒有was吧!!

    2006-03-29 08:52:43 補充:

    1)and跟whom一樣都是連接詞,只是一個是對等連接詞,一個是關係代名詞!所以兩者是可以略去而將其後所接的句子改成分詞片語的!

    2)each前加上逗點會比較好!

    Source(s): myself
  • 1 decade ago

    這句話的開始,就有點問題,我想應該是筆誤:It began in 1970, ... 中間不應該有was.接下來的解釋就簡單了:each 這裡當做副詞使用,當作每一解,指的是前面一千五百個參加的人每一個人的意思。而後面所接的paying, 修飾的也是前面那一千五百個共襄盛舉的人,因為人會主動付一英鎊的入場費,所以就用現在分詞。所以這裡的each paying並不是合在一起用的片語,而是各修飾前方的一千五百人。

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