欣橋 asked in 科學其他:科學 · 1 decade ago

霉和黴以及mold and fungi之間的不同在哪裡?

如題,霉和黴以及mold and fungi之間的不同在哪裡?

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  • 1 decade ago
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     霉和黴在中文上是混用的,你看教育部的網頁後,相信也不知霉和黴有什麼不同.如果硬要區分的話,在生物學上都是用黴                                  白話文上才會用霉 【黴】ㄇㄟˊ〔霉〕ㄇㄟˊ 〔徽〕ㄏㄨㄟ ○ 氯黴素 黴菌

    ╳ 氯霉素 徽菌

    1.「氯黴素」是一種抗生素,英文作 Chloromycetin,譯名慣用「黴」字;「霉

    」是指衣物、食品等因長時間置於溼熱環境中所產生的黴菌。所以「氯黴素」

    當用「黴」而非「霉」。

    2.「黴」是寄生於腐朽、潮溼或受汙食品、器物上的低等菌類,屬「黑部」,形

    近於「徽」;「徽」屬「糸部」,音ㄏㄨㄟ,是指標記、旗子的意思。「黴菌

    」是指寄生於陰溼之處的低等菌類植物,所以當用「黴」而非「徽」。

    Mold (filamentous fungi)mold只是fungi(真菌)的一種而已There are many different forms of Fungi, including, but not limited to:mushrooms1, molds, yeast, lichen, rusts, and truffles. Fungi may exist as either a yeast or a mold and may alternate between these forms, depending on environmental conditions. Yeast are simple cells, three to five microns in diameter. Molds consist of filamen-tous branching structures (called hyphae), two to 10 microns in diameter, that are formed of several cells lying end to end. Molds are the common name for a group of fungi often characterized by the presence of threadlike filaments, called hyphae, that mass together to form mycelia, interwoven visible bodies that resemble cotton.

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