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Sugar asked in 教育與參考其他:教育 · 1 decade ago

大學問題 關於諾曼定理

can Norman\'s seven stages of human interaction be reduced to four stages of an interaction?

Give an example to a simplifed version on what the stages are?

summerize your observations as much information as possible?

The more details. the betler.

norman的七個階段 可以分成四個階段嗎~?


1 Answer

  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Donald Norman (1988) 提出了「七階段的循環模式(seven stages cyclic model)」用來描述與定義人與電腦互動(human computer interaction)時的行為。這七個階段是:

    1. 形成目的(forming the goal)

    2. 形成達成目的的意圖(forming the intention)

    3. 將達成意圖的行動具體化(specifying the action)

    4. 行動的執行(executing the action)

    5. 了解系統(電腦)的狀態(perceiving the system state)

    6. 解釋系統的狀態(interpreting the system state)

    7. 評估採取行動後,系統狀態的回饋(evaluating the outcome)


    1. 形成目的與意向(forming the goal and intention)

    2. 將行動具體化並執行(specifying and executing the action)

    3. 了解並解釋系統的狀態(perceiving and interpreting the system state)

    4. 評估採取行動後,系統狀態的回饋(evaluating the outcome)

    之所以可以整合,例如目的與意向, 行動的規劃與執行,系統狀態的察覺與解釋。這些細微的動作,原來Norman將其分開(因為他是研究人類資訊處理(human information processing)的專家,但是這些步驟,乃是快速發生且連續的,所以能將其整合。


    Source(s): 自己的知識
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