Mio asked in 社會與文化語言 · 2 decades ago

語言學問題~我初上語言學.很多不懂.請各位大大給予指導.並回

1.What is the basic lexical relation between the following pairs of words?

(a)shallow deep (b)mature ripe (c)suite sweet (d)table furniture (e) single married

(f)move run

2.How would you describe the oddness of the following sentences , using semantic features ?

(a)The television drank my water (b)His dog writes poetry

以上>>希望各位大大指導

Update:

retronyms (贅詞)。這個詞.好像還沒敎耶!!

Update 2:

move run 是不是 co-hyponyms?

2 Answers

Rating
  • David
    Lv 5
    2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    1.What is the basic lexical relation between the following pairs of words?

    下列詞彙的語意關係為何?

    (a)shallow deep -- gradable antonyms (程度反義詞)

    (b)mature ripe -- synonyms (同義詞)

    (c)suite sweet -- homonyms (同音異義詞)

    (d)table furniture -- hyponyms (附屬詞)

    (e)single married -- complementary antonyms (互補反義詞)

    (f)move run-- 這就不是很確定了,雖然在某方面都是有"移動"的語意,可是在大多數的語意都不相同的情形下構不成synonyms,勉強要說的話,可能會是retronyms (贅詞)。

    2.How would you describe the oddness of the following sentences , using semantic features ?

    請用語意屬性把下列句子的奇怪之處描述出來。

    (a)The television drank my water

    因為"drink"這動詞的語意屬性包含了該動詞的主事者一定要是[+animated],可是"television"本身的語意屬性卻是[-animated],所以句子才會怪 (anomalous)。

    (b)His dog writes poetry

    "write"這動詞的語意屬性包含了該動詞的主事者一定要是[+human],可是"his dog"本身的語意屬性卻是[-human]。

    這只是其中一個可能的答案,其它的你可以再想想,或許會有更好的答案也不一定。至於答題的格式請自行斟酌看你老師怎樣要求就怎樣回答。

    以上提供你參考

    Source(s): 也曾為語言學挑燈夜戰的自己
  • 2 decades ago

    C 是 homophony(同音異意) 它應該是拼錯啦

    F 是 hyponymy(下義詞) 應該run是屬於一種move

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