asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

請問With”隨著”的用法

我有一個句子:

With less garbage_______, the air and the land will be much cleanser.

(a)has burned (b)are burning (c)being burned (d) burn

除了告訴我正確答案外

可以告訴我為什麼

以及With的用法嗎....Thanks

4 Answers

Rating
  • Adam
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    with是介係詞,所以garbage後是不會以一般動詞的型態出現的,所以(A)--完成式,(B)--現在進行式(而且還用複數的are,garbage是單數),(C)--原形動詞,這幾個答案早就可以淘汰掉!With less garbage (C) being burned, the air and the land will be much cleanser.with + 受詞 + 受詞補語 (補語可以是V-ing--表主動語氣, Vpp--表被動語氣,或Adj.)此片語為補充說明主要子句內容的寫法:1. Don't talk with your mouth full. (Adj.)吃東西(嘴巴滿滿食物)時不要講話2. Don't leave the kitchen with the tap running. (V-ing)離開廚房時不要讓水龍頭的水一直流著3. Dad sat on the sofa with his eyes closed. (Vpp)父親坐在沙發上,眼睛是閉著的你這句話雖然是"隨著越來越少的垃圾被燒掉",有被動的意味(所以用的是被動式的burned),但是因為這種情況是一直的持續下去,所以還加了個進行式的being,但是整個being burned仍是不改變其被動(被燒)的語氣在!

    2006-03-11 17:23:21 補充:

    是的,打錯字了,不過應該可以從我的解釋中推敲出來,所以應該不會造成理解上的困難,多謝指教!

    Source(s): myself
  • 1 decade ago

    答案: (C)

    理由:

    1.垃圾是"被燒"的, 所以要用is burned/is burnt, 被動語態

    2.用with當介系詞片語時, 後面接的是名詞, 因此動詞要名詞化, is就變成being了

    3. 一般是當假設句型來用:

    還原就成了:

    With less garbage being burned, the air and the land will be much cleanser.

    =>If less garbage is burned, the air and the land will be much cleanser.

    Source(s): human brain
  • 1 decade ago

    答案C

    伴隨著某種狀態或動作發生的事或產生的結果就用WITH囉

  • ?
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago

    選 C。 With less garbage being burned......with 是介詞,後面一定要跟名詞,或是名詞從句,不可以加動詞。有動詞的話,這個動詞要給他變成名詞形式,比如 V.+ing。你這個句子是說越來越少的垃圾被焚燒,“被焚燒” 是 “焚燒” 的被動式,即 burn -> be burned。因爲 be 是動詞,所以要變成 being,成爲名詞。以下是字典上拷貝過來的關於 with 的解釋説明和用法例句。可供參考。withprep. (介係詞 preposition)與...一起,偕同,和...She lives with her son.她和兒子住在一起。帶著...;有...的The girl with long hair is my classmate.長頭髮的女孩是我同學。以(手段,材料),用(工具)My American friend is learning to eat with chopsticks.我的一位美國朋友在學著用筷子吃飯。符合,一致在...一邊,贊成We are with you there.在那一點上我們站在你這一邊。跟...,反對The Allied Forces fought with Germany.盟軍跟德國交戰。順...方向,跟...一起加上,包括...在內His bank savings, with his wife's jewels, amount to three million dollars.他的銀行存款加上他太太的首飾合計達三百萬元。隨著,對應An independent man, Peter never goes with the tide.彼得是個有主見的人,從不隨大流。在...身邊,在...身上He had a gun with him.他帶了槍。I have no money with me.我身邊沒有錢。與...(相比)跟...(分手)I parted with my brother in Paris.我跟我兄弟在巴黎分手。儘管有With all the setbacks, he did not lose heart.儘管遭受種種挫折,他沒有喪失信心。由於,因為They were wild with joy.他們欣喜若狂。(與副詞連用構成祈使句,表示強烈的願望)Down with fascism!打倒法西斯主義!

    Source(s): 自己 + 奇摩字典
Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.