? asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文 翻譯加解題 兩題而已

以下兩題請英文高手幫忙解題以及翻譯 多謝了!

1.______ about the life of early human beings must be inferred from the few tools and drawings they left behind.

A.What is known B.To be known C.Knowing is D.Known that

2.According to one school of thought, art is the representation of _____ beauty.

A.what it is perceived B.that is perceived

C.what is perceived to be D.that is being perceived of

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  • 1 decade ago
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    1.______ about the life of early human beings must be inferred from the few tools and drawings they left behind.

    A.What is known B.To be known C.Knowing is D.Known that

    [解題關鍵]

    句型 : S (主詞) + V (動詞) + O(受詞). --構成句子

    此題的關鍵是 "如何構成一個主詞" -- (1) 名詞 (2) 名詞子句 (3) 不定詞or動名詞為首.......皆是可以表現名詞的型態

    此句結構是:

    ______ about the life of early human beings 是主詞S

    must be inferred from 是動詞V

    the few tools and drawings they left behind. 是受詞O

    所以可先把句子拆成三部份!

    考題是問: ______ about the life of early human beings + V.

    故要使空格形成一主詞型態才能後加動詞

    (C) Knowing is about the life of early human beings已是完整句...不是名詞型

    (B) To be known about the life of early human beings 是名詞型, 但用法不對

    to + V. 通常為主動...此句若翻譯會很怪...(被認知早期人類生活開始於...) 被什麼認知~不清楚

    (A) 此句是考 "名詞子句"構成主詞, What + V + O. 不定代名詞構成名詞子句...代出主詞地位是很好的句型 (正確)

    [結構] : S (What + V + O) + V. + O.

    [翻譯] : 早期人類遺留下來的器具與圖案讓我們認知他們生活的樣貌.

    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    2.According to one school of thought, art is the representation of _____ beauty.

    A.what it is perceived B.that is perceived

    C.what is perceived to be D.that is being perceived of

    接續上題同樣方式...我們解題只看後半部

    art is the representation of _____ beauty.

    art 是主詞

    is 是動詞

    the representation of _____ beauty是 S.C.主詞補語(類似受詞)也是 "名詞型"

    (C) (D)直接刪 ~記住 that 前後絕不加介系詞(此題的of)

    而(A) of what it is perceived beauty 重覆了兩次受詞

    動詞is perceived已經是被動型態了受詞是what ,後面不會再加beauty及it

    所以答案(C)正確...perceive只接受一個受詞

    [翻譯] : 根據一派學說, 美術是體現美感的代表.

    Source(s): 我自己~
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