? asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

簡單英文用法~英文達人請進唷!

我想知道

SAY - SAID - ASK 到底該用在什麼的地方? 我老是用錯@@

例如: 我跟你說喔! 是用ASK

HIM - HE - HER - SHE 能跟我說最基本的用法嗎?

例如: 他是你妹妹嗎? 這時候應該用HER 對吧?!

3 Answers

Rating
  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    say的中文意思-- 說;指的是一個人說的話的內容,

    動詞三態 say-said-said

    所以said跟say一樣 只是said是表示過去式

    用法:後面加的是說話的內容,可能是完整的子句或是引號和說話內容

    例: Why don't you just say you hate him? 為什麼你不乾脆就說你恨他? (say 加子句you hate him)

    例: He woke up and said, "Good morning, honey." 他醒來後說"早安啊,親愛的" (say加引號和說話內容,因為是過去發生過的事情,say改成said,

    再舉一個這這種用法的例子: The teacher came in, and we said"Happy Teacher's Day!" to him. 老師走進來後我們就對他說"教師節快樂!"

    *通常say會和 tell用法混淆,但此處不另外討論

    ask的中文意思-- 問,要求;

    動詞三態: ask-asked-asked

    用法: 主詞(第一個人,發問者)+ ask +受詞(被問的人)+ 名詞 或 to+原形動詞

    例:Why don't you just ask him this question? I think he will be glad to help you.為何你不直接問他這個問題呢? 我想他會很樂意幫助你的 (ask後面加受詞him再加名詞this question)

    例: My mother always asks me to study harder. 我媽總是叫我(要求我)再用功一點 (ask後面加受詞加 to+原形動詞,這邊解釋為"要求")

    He男生的他,這是主格,作為句子的主詞,表示句子描述的主角的狀態或是他做的動作

    例: He is a student. / He likes books. 這兩句的"主角"都是"他",所以用主格

    Him也是男生的他,這是受格,作為句子的受詞,表示接受動作的人

    例: I asked him the question. 在這句的主角是"我"I,我問他問題,"他"是被問問題的人,也就是接受動詞ask這個動作的人,所以"他"要用受格Him

    例: Mary loves him. Mary愛他, 在這句中,"他"是"被愛"的,所以要用受格

    例: He loves me. 他愛我,"他"是這句的主角,用主格,"我"是被愛的,用受格,所以不用I喔

    She 跟Her是一樣的情況

    She 是女生的她,主格

    Her則是受格

    例: 他愛她 He loves her.

    例: 她愛他 She loves him.

    她是你妹妹嗎? 應該是 Is she your sister?

    因為這句的主角就是She,要用主格喔

    改為直述句則為 She is your sister.

    2006-02-23 10:23:09 補充:

    "我跟你說喔"的中文如果是用在聊天 想要告訴別人好消息或是八卦之類的通常會說, "You know what?" 或是"Guess what?"例:A: Guess what? I met Jolin yesterday in the department store. 我跟你說喔(你猜怎麼了),我昨天在百貨公司遇到蔡依琳耶!B: Are you kidding? 你在開玩笑吧?

    2006-02-23 10:24:13 補充:

    如果不是像上面那種很興奮的口氣,而是有點像責備比較嚴肅一點的,就會說"Let me tell you..."(讓我來告訴你吧...)A: I don't want to study at all. 我一點也不想唸書B: Let me tell you. You must study, or you will not get a good job in the future! 我跟你說吧,你一定要唸書,不然你以後就找不到好工作了!

    Source(s): 我自己
  • 1 decade ago

    I met JOLIN in the department store yesterday也可以吧

  • 1 decade ago

    1. say What did you say? 你說什麼?

    I said "watch out". 我說: "要小心"

    say就是"說"的意思, 對話中常見的.....

    2. said 是"說"的過去式, 用法一樣

    "I have no idea" she said. 她說: 我不知道

    3. ask 是"問" "請教"....問問題時用的.....

    Can I ask you a question? 我可以問你個問題嗎?

    Ask if you don't know. 不懂的話 ,就問!

    4.tell 是"告訴", "講"某件事, "說"故事時用的

    Let me tell you a secret. 我告訴你一個祕密哦!

    My sister likes to tell stories. 我妹喜歡說故事

    Let me tell you the truth. 讓我告訴你真相

    *"我跟你說"的英文用let me tell you才對

    不過, 真正在對話時, 很少老外會這樣說吧!

    一般只說: You know what? You know something?

    he vs. him

    she vs. her 我發明的一個簡單的方法, 不用記什麼主格受格什麼一堆的...

    規則1. 他/她放在句首時 99.99%是要用he/she的.....

    " She" likes cats. 她喜歡貓

    "He" loves dogs. 他愛狗狗

    規則2. 放在句中時或句尾時99.99%是用him/her.....

    Do you like "her"? 你喜歡她嗎?

    Do you like "him"? 你喜歡他嗎?

    I gave "her" a book. 我給了她一本書

    Tell "him" not to come!告訴他不用來了!

    例外就屬"問句"跟當解釋為"她的"/"他的"時........

    例如: 她是你妹妹嗎? Is she your sister?

    (還原時She is your sister.)

    Her eyes are blue. 她的眼睛是藍色的/她有雙藍眼睛

Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.