Joyce asked in 社會與文化語言 · 2 decades ago

TOEFL文法問題

選錯誤ㄉ答案

In addition to farming, tractors are also used to serving a wide variety of industrial and military purposes. (to farming, to serving, variety, purposes 劃線)

The company insists on you giving a satisfactory explanation. (insists on, you, giving, satisfactory 劃線)

Beginners of a foreign language usually have a lot of trouble handling various details, and they need to spend a considerable amount of time to master it. (a lot of, handling, need to, to master 劃線)

Beginners of a foreign language usually have a lot of trouble to handle various details, and they need to spend a considerable amount of time mastering it. (a lot of, to handle, need to, mastering 劃線)

People usually highly appreciate to be treated as very important when they travel to a remote land. (highly, to be, treated as, travel to 劃線)

Analgesics are used to lessening the effect of pain without causing unconsciousness or markedly interfering with physiological processes in the human body. (lessening, causing, markedly, with 劃線)

Bob being graded as one of the top-ten students on his campus is quite an exciting event among all of us. (Bob being, as one of, an exciting, among all 劃線)

就這些...但是幫我改成正確ㄉ句子 thanks..

2 Answers

Rating
  • ?
    Lv 7
    2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    In addition to farming, tractors are also used to serve (be used to V 在這裡的used是使用的被動語氣,某物被用來做什麼的"做"是要寫成原形動詞的) a wide variety of industrial and military purposes. The company insists on your (insist on後面可接名詞或動名詞,這句話接的應該是動名詞giving所引導的片語,於是you就要改成所有格去修飾"給滿意解釋"的動名詞) giving a satisfactory explanation. Beginners of a foreign language usually have a lot of trouble handling various details, and they need to spend a considerable amount of time mastering (spend + 時間/金錢 + V-ing 這應該已經是在中學時期就講了很多次的句型,應該就不用多做解釋了吧! 若後面不是動詞而是名詞的話就寫成: spend + 時間/金錢 + on + N) it. Beginners of a foreign language usually have a lot of trouble handling (have trouble + V-ing "做某事是有困難問題的",這個片語的用法也是固定的,動詞要加-ing; 這題跟上題分別考你的是兩種片語的用法) various details, and they need to spend a considerable amount of time mastering it. People usually highly appreciate being (appreciate為及物動詞,故後面所接的必須是名詞或動名詞才對,所以把to be改成動名詞就是being了!) treated as very important when they travel to a remote land. Analgesics are used to lessen (這題跟最上面第一題是一樣的,都是表示被用來的意思; be used to只有在表達"習慣"的意思時,後面的動詞才會接V-ing,而會習慣的主詞當然要是人或至少是活的生物才行吧! analgesic為止痛劑) the effect of pain without causing unconsciousness or markedly interfering with physiological processes in the human body. Bob's (跟第二題一樣,為"所有格+V-ing"來引導動名詞片語,指的是"Bob被評為校園中前十名學生"這件事; 這裡的動名詞片語是當後面動詞is的主詞的) being graded as one of the top-ten students on his campus is quite an exciting event among all of us. ps. 如果你還不能用字下線的話,用括號將選項圈起來就可以了,寫的這麼密,眼睛都快花了!!!

    2006-02-18 17:18:56 補充:

    老實說,我個人是覺得第二句跟最後一句其實不一定必須要用所有格,用原來的you或Bob其實也可以(這些例子也常在日常文章或對話中看到)!

    "所有格+V-ing"應該是比較嚴謹書寫的寫法吧(因為畢竟是托福的問題)!

    Source(s): myself
  • 6 years ago

    學任何語言不外乎就是要有恆心跟毅力

    我覺得白天有工作的上班族特別適合線上學習英文

    才不用下了班就急急忙忙趕著去補習班上課

    光來回車程就省了1~2個小時,省下的時間可以多背好幾個單字

    也可以輕鬆在家線上學英文,想學好英文的人這是一個很不錯的機會

    用正確的方法一次把英文學起來!!

    下面推薦的只要填表就可以免費試聽了喔

    一、TutorABC 馬上體驗 http://adf.ly/sgm1i

    二、English town 免費試聽 http://adf.ly/l9Q5V

    二、Tutor4u空中美語免費試聽 http://adf.ly/sgksJ

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