小安 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 2 decades ago

急!請英文好的大大,可以請幫我翻一下這一篇文章嗎!!我很急~

Writing Your Article

The Shape of an Article

An article is written in the shape of an hourglass. It begins with broad general statements, progressively narrows down to

the specifics of your study, and then broadens out again to more general considerations. Thus:

This closing statement might be a bit grandiose for

some journals—I’m not even sure what it means—but if

your study is carefully executed and conservatively interpreted,

most editors will permit you to indulge yourself a

bit at the two broad ends of the hourglass. Being dull only

appears to be a prerequisite for publishing in the professional

journals.

The Introduction

The Opening Statements. The first task of the article

is to introduce the background and nature of the problem

being investigated. Here are four rules of thumb for your

opening statements:

1. Write in English prose, not psychological jargon.

2. Do not plunge unprepared readers into the middle

of your problem or theory. Take the time and space necessary

to lead them up to the formal or theoretical statement

of the problem step by step.

3. Use examples to illustrate theoretical points or to

introduce unfamiliar conceptual or technical terms. The

more abstract the material, the more important such examples

become.

4. Whenever possible, try to open with a statement

about people (or animals), not psychologists or their research

(This rule is almost always violated. Don’t use

journals as a model here.)

Examples of Opening Statements:

Wrong: Several years ago, Ekman (1972), Izard

(1977), Tomkins (1980), and Zajonc (1980) pointed to

2 Answers

Rating
  • Ashley
    Lv 7
    2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    寫你的文章

    文章的形狀

    一個文章在時漏的形狀被寫。它由大範圍的一般陳述開始,漸進地縮小到

    你的研究特性,然後再一次對比較一般的考慮擴大出。 如此:

    關閉陳述的這可能有一點宏偉對

    一些日記-我不是平坦的確信它意謂的-但是如果

    你的研究小心地被執行和保守地解釋,

    大多數的編者將允許你們縱情於你自己

    Writing Your Article

    The Shape of an Article

    An article is written in the shape of an hourglass. It begins with broad general statements, progressively narrows down to

    the specifics of your study, and then broadens out again to more general considerations. Thus:

    This closing statement might be a bit grandiose for

    some journals—I’m not even sure what it means—but if

    your study is carefully executed and conservatively interpreted,

    most editors will permit you to indulge yourself a

    bit at the two broad ends of the hourglass. Being dull only

    appears to be a prerequisite for publishing in the professional

    journals.

    The Introduction

    The Opening Statements. The first task of the article

    is to introduce the background and nature of the problem

    being investigated. Here are four rules of thumb for your

    opening statements:

    1. Write in English prose, not psychological jargon.

    2. Do not plunge unprepared readers into the middle

    of your problem or theory. Take the time and space necessary

    to lead them up to the formal or theoretical statement

    of the problem step by step.

    3. Use examples to illustrate theoretical points or to

    introduce unfamiliar conceptual or technical terms. The

    more abstract the material, the more important such examples

    become.

    4. Whenever possible, try to open with a statement

    about people (or animals), not psychologists or their research

    (This rule is almost always violated. Don’t use

    journals as a model here.)

    Examples of Opening Statements:

    Wrong: Several years ago, Ekman (1972), Izard

    (1977), Tomkins (1980), and Zajonc (1980) pointed to

  • 2 decades ago

    寫你的文章

    一篇文章的形狀

    一篇文章呈一個沙鐘的形狀被寫。 它從寬的一般的陳述開始,逐漸縮小

    你的研究的細節, 然後再次在外擴大到更一般的報酬。 因此︰

    這最後陳述可能有點宏偉因為

    雜誌一些XI m Xbut並非更當然它的意思如果

    你的研究被仔細執行並且保存解釋,

    大多數編輯將允許你放縱你自己A

    向沙鐘的兩個寬的末端咬去。 只黯淡

    看起來是在專業人士裡出版的一個必要條件

    雜誌。

    介紹

    開始陳述。 文章的第一個任務

    將介紹問題的背景和自然

    被調查。 這是你的的4 個經驗法則

    打開陳述︰

    1.用英語散文寫,並非心理術語。

    2.不要使無準備的讀者陷入中間

    你的問題或者理論。 花費必要的時間和空間

    領導他們到正式或者理論的陳述

    一步一步問題。

    3.使用例子說明理論點或者對

    實施不熟悉的概念或者技術條件。

    更多的摘要材料,更重要的這樣的例子

    變得。

    4.任何可能的情況下,努力以一個陳述開始

    關於人們(或者動物),並非心理學家或者他們的研究

    (這個規章被經常褻瀆。 Don t 使用

    作為這裡的一個模型的雜誌.)

    打開陳述的例子︰

    錯誤︰ 幾年以前,埃克曼(1972),伊芳澤德

    (1977),湯姆金斯(1980),和Zajonc(1980)指

    希望有幫到你的忙唷@@+

    Source(s): 書@@
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