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Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

過去完成式怎樣用?

過去完成式(past perfect tense)怎樣用?好像He had said那些啊.請解釋悉樣用及舉一些例句

Update:

多謝各位熱情的回答!也請幫一幫忙我下列的問題:

http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/?qid=140601...

3 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
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    過去完成式(past perfect tense)

    過去完成式=had + p.p(過去分詞)

    <基本概念>

    1.過去完成式是用以敘述至過去某ㄧ段時間以前"動作"的完成,繼續及經驗

    2.不論人稱或數一律用had + p.p

    3.過去完成式通常有兩個動作或附帶一個過去時間的副詞

    <要點一>

    (A)表示至過去某時為止的動作的完成

    (1.)By that time he had finished his work.

    到那時為止他已做完他的工作

    (2.)He had already finished his work then.

    那時他已經做完他的工作了

    (B)在時間的直線上,先發生的動作用過去完成式,後發生的用簡單過去式~

    ~(常考ㄛ!)

    (1.) I found the pen I had lost

    我找到了我遺失的筆

    *lose(遺失)~先發生 , find(找到)~後發生

    <要點二>

    用以表示繼續至過去某時為止的動作或狀態

    (1.) She had lived here for ten years when she got married.

    <要點三>

    用以表示過去至某時為止的經驗

    (1.) I had never seen a tiger untill then.

    @~~~希望這些可以解決你的問題呦~~~@

    Source(s): 英文文法書
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  • 1 decade ago

    Past Perfect Tense,就是表達〝過去某個時間持續進行到現在為止,或是繼續進行的動作〞,基本公式是〝 have / has + P.P. ( 過去分詞 ) 〞,通常表達三個意思:表經驗、表持續、表已經。

    例如:

     我曾經去過英國。( 表經驗 )

    →I have been to England.

     他已經去英國了。( 表已經 )

    →He has gone to England.

     他去英國三個月了。( 表持續 )

    →He has gone to England for 3 months.

     他三個月前去英國了。

    →He has gone to England since 3 months ago.

    Past Perfect Tense和Past Tense不一樣,Past Tense是表示在過去已經完成的事情,時間較短;Past Perfect Tense則是表示在過去某段時間裡所做,並且持續到現在停止,或是還要繼續的意思。

    Past Tense在使用上可以接過去時間,譬如:I went to England 3 months ago.,Past Perfect Tense則不行,僅可使用 for + 一段時間~,或 since + 過去時間子句~。

    Source(s): 自己
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  • 1 decade ago

    過去完成式是表示在過去某一時間或在某個動作之前所發生的事情,即"過去的過去"

    這種句子不能獨立出現,須通過上下文或時間副詞所引導的修飾子句才能使用。

    例一:The little boy and his elder sister had bought two oranges.The boy had eaten his orange.The girl still had hers.

    那個小孩和他姐姐買了兩個橘子,男孩已吃了他的那個,可是他姐姐的那個還保存著

    ------------------

    前面兩句的過去完成時的動作發生在第三句過去簡單動詞had之前

    ------------------

    若與時間副詞片語配者使用,

    可搭配 by the end of..../after.../before..../

    或搭配時間副詞所引導的子句使用

    時間副詞有when.../after.../as soon as...

    例二:After he had finished his homework,he went out to play.

    他做完他的作業,他出去玩了

    例三:By the end of last term we had learned fifteen English lessons.

    到上學期末為止,我們已學了十五堂英文課。

    2006-01-24 19:46:07 補充:

    有時候會用在表原因的副詞子句中(先有因後有果)先發生的用過去完成式,後發生的用過去簡單式。例:Iwas late for school because I had got up late.

    Source(s): "與中學生談英文文法"一書p.195
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