澄意 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

關於with O OC的句型

可以解釋一下with O OC的句型嗎

特別是受詞補語的部分

什麼時候要用過去分詞 什麼時候要用現在分詞 我都搞不太懂

還有The octopus swam in the sea with its eight arms swinging about

這個句子裡面的about是當什麼意思啊

1 Answer

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  • 杰暘
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    with O OC

    Ex: I can't work with all that noise going on(= ... all that noise that goes on或all that noise that is going on).那些噪音持續下去, 我無法工作. (Cambridge)

    Ex: With exams approaching, it's a good idea to review your class notes.(=...exams that approaches, ... 或...exams that are approaching, ...)考試快到了, 複習你的上課筆記, 這是很好的想法(最好複習一下你的上課筆記).(Cambridge)

    以上二例中, OC皆為Ving, 對於O而言皆可改成是"主動"的關係子句,以 一樣的意思來修飾先行詞(即O)

    Ex: The risk of developing heart disease increases with the number of cigarettes smoked. (=... the nuber of cigarettes that are smoked)形成心臟病的風險, 會隨著抽煙的數量("被抽"的煙的數量)而增加.(Collins)

    上例中, OC為pp, 對於O而言而言可改成"被動"的關係子句,以 一樣的意思來修飾先行詞(即O)

    上面受詞補語,Ving與pp的差別在於--->對其所修飾的受詞而言, 此動作是主動或被動

    swing about到處揮動, 四處擺動

    *about(英式): 位於或移動於某處或其附近, 往往無方向, 無目的或無順序(positioned or moving in or near a place, often without a clear direction, purpose or order)

    Ex: She always leaves her clothes lying about on the floor.

    *around(美式)

    He always leaves his clothes lying around (on the floor).

    Source(s): Me & Cambridge Dictionaries Online, Collins Cobuild Advanced Learner`s English Dictionary
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