Odysseus' journey

在荷馬史詩Odyssey中

"Travel" is the center and theme

Please try to explain the symbolic meaning and funcion in this work

各種意見皆可 作為論文參考 謝謝

3 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
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    可以參考 喬瑟夫‧坎伯(Joseph Campbell)的書

    尤其是"千面英雄"

    印象中他認為

    旅行是象徵不斷的變化 前進 超越自我

    主角所經歷的是自己內心的旅程

    見以下網站:

    http://www.books.com.tw/2000shot/000911/index0922....

    延伸:

    1聽說喬治 盧卡斯受他影響很深

    所以星際大戰系列也有這些神話的影子

    2我認為前陣子很受歡迎的

    "牧羊少年的奇幻之旅"也很類似

    3塔羅牌大阿爾克那第一張:愚者

    也像徵著流浪 旅行者

    傳統上是一個旅人的圖

    也有人說這22張牌就象徵著人內心的旅程

    0愚者 1魔術師 2女祭司 3女皇 4皇帝 5教皇 6戀人 7戰車 8力量 9隱者 10命運之輪 11正義 12倒吊人 13死神 14節制 15惡魔 16塔 17星星 18月亮 19太陽 20審判 21世界

    見以下網站:

    http://www.yesgogogo.com/yesgo_2002/channel/star_c...

    http://residence.educities.edu.tw/sunny1229/pages/...

    Source(s): 上述網站+自己
  • 1 decade ago

    奧迪賽是一個非常聰明的人,他因為不想參加特洛伊的戰役,所以他裝瘋,但是後來被識破而為特洛伊戰爭貢獻了許多的計謀,如識破阿基里斯的偽裝而說服他讓他參加特洛伊戰役、木馬屠城。

    戰爭結束後他要返回他的國家,路途上他們因為遇到暴風雨而到了一個有著奇怪植物的島上使得他們不捨得離開,是他把手下們綁住才能離開那座島。

    後來又到了海神後代─獨眼巨人的地盤,他的部下有些被獨眼巨人吃掉,之後他把獨眼巨人眼睛弄瞎和其他人躲在羊肚下面才能逃走。

    接著他在風神那裡得到了幫助,但是他的部下沒有聽風神的勸告,將東西南北風放了出來使得他們的船遇到了暴風,之後被吹到了Circe的島上,Circe將他的部下都變成了動物,但是奧迪賽得到了Hermes的幫助而倖免於難,還將他的部下救了出來,在那裡生活了一年才繼續踏上了旅途,在出發之前Circe要他去地府先去問他的祖先們要如何返家。

    之後又遇到了有著美妙歌聲的Sirens、會吞蝕海水的Charybdis和腳上有個狗頭的怪物Scylla,都平安的通過了。

    後來由於飢餓過頭,他的部下將太陽神的牛給吃掉了,宙斯為了懲罰他們,放出了颶風將他們的船全部吹毀,只剩下奧迪賽一個人生還。

    後來他到了女仙Calypso的島上跟她一起生活了七年之久,而在Hermes的幫助之下又令他踏上了歸途,Calypso做了一個木筏讓他上路,但是沒久船又被波塞頓給打翻了,他在海上漂流了兩天兩夜,這時他漂流到了一個島上遇到了Nausicaa,Nausicaa帶奧迪賽去見他的父親,這時他的父親幫助奧迪賽回到自己的國家Ithaca。

    這時在家中的老婆Penelope飽受一堆無賴追求者的騷擾,她揚稱要要幫奧迪賽的父親縫製壽衣,要等壽衣縫製完畢才可以出嫁,但是她白天縫壽衣,晚上卻把它拆掉,這件壽衣就永遠都縫不完,這些追求者等不耐煩了,Penelope也知道瞞不住了,就展開比武招親,只要有人能將奧迪賽的弓裝上弦,並且一箭射穿12個斧眼,她就嫁給誰,這時奧迪賽在雅典娜的幫忙之下裝扮成了老乞丐出現在他們的面前,也震驚全場的做到了Penelope所說的要求,這時奧迪賽便與他的兒子殺死了108個追求者,結束了十年的歸途,再度與妻子相會。

    Source(s): 上課的補充教材
  • naekuo
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    Travel on the SeaThe sea itself is a recurring symbol throughout the epic. It is, in effect, the sea of life. It represents a great man’s journey through life with all its victories and heartbreaks.Because Odysseus is far from Ithaca and the only way home is by way of the sea, he shows lack of judgment when he incurs the wrath of the sea god, Poseidon, by blinding the god’s son Polyphemus. The sea god answers the Cyclops’ prayer by making Odysseus’ struggle long and hard, assuring that he returns home alone and finds formidable problems in his household. Part of the appeal of The Odyssey is this universal journey that we all undertake, in ways great or small.http://www.cliffsnotes.com/WileyCDA/LitNote/id-99,... back to IthacaThe island of Ithaca symbolizes home. There Odysseus can share his life with his beloved wife and son, enjoy the wealth that he has earned, eat the food of his youth, and even sleep in the bed that he built. Ithaca symbolizes the end of the journey, the goal of the mythic trek. Nevertheless, it is not gained without a fight.Odysseus must initially enter his own home in disguise. This is necessary because his home has been invaded by the enemy: the suitors. Being the military leader that he is, Odysseus first gathers pertinent information. He then plans the time and place of his attack, doing what he can to limit the enemy’s weapons while procuring his own. His son and two loyal herdsmen stand by him, and Athena intervenes only enough to encourage victory so long as Odysseus fights well. The reward is that Odysseus resumes his proper position as king of his homeland, Ithaca.

    Source(s): Cliff baby
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