vita asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

幫幫忙吧! 一篇英文翻譯...送20點喔

謝謝...^^

When Max Weber first outlined the characteristics of a bureaucracy, his model was

influenced by the new industrial bureaucracies that grew ont of successful efforts to

mass produce standardized products. Simplifying conewhat, a bureaucracy is design

to mass produce a standardized service. As such, bureaucracies have followed a mass

production model. The elemonts of this model include hierarchy of authorities, the

codification of processes and routines, the dividion of authority by jurisdiction or

function, and the specialization of skilla and standardization of qualifications,

3 Answers

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    When Max Weber first outlined the characteristics of a bureaucracy, his model was

    influenced by the new industrial bureaucracies that grew out of successful efforts to

    mass produce standardized products.

    當Max Weber最早勾劃"官僚主義"的特色時,他造的模型深深受到新"工業官僚主義"所影響。"工業官僚主義"在大量生產標準的產品方面獲得空前成功。

    Simplifying somewhat, a bureaucracy is designed to mass produce a standardized service. As such, bureaucracies have followed a mass production model.

    簡而言之,"官僚主義"根本是被設計來大量生產標準的產品(或提供大量標準化的服務)。因此,"官僚主義"跟隨著一個量產的模式。

    The elements of this model include hierarchy of authorities, thecodification of processes and routines, the division of authority by jurisdiction or function, and the specialization of skills and standardization of qualifications,

    其元素包括: 級系的權力劃分、生產過程和路線的編定、 依管轄範籌或生產過程分要權力、技術專門化及標準化不同的資格。

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    When Max Weber first outlined the characteristics of a bureaucracy, his model was

    influenced by the new industrial bureaucracies that grew ont of successful efforts to

    mass produce standardized products. Simplifying conewhat, a bureaucracy is design

    to mass produce a standardized service.

    當Max Weber首先替官僚系統做一個大概的描述,他那描述的典範受到了新工業官僚系統的影響,這樣行政系統會增長大量規格化產品的生產.簡而言之,這樣一個行政系統是個被設計來生產規格化產品的機制.

    As such, bureaucracies have followed a mass production model.

    如此,這樣的行政系統已跟隨著一個大量產品的樣式.

    The elemonts of this model include hierarchy of authorities, the

    codification of processes and routines, the dividion of authority by jurisdiction or

    function, and the specialization of skilla and standardization of qualifications,

    這個樣式的元素包含了官方的階層,慣例及過程的編撰,經由司法或功能面去分割權力,技能的專業化以及品質的標準化.

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    當最大的韋伯首先略述一種官僚政治的特性時,他的模型

    受增長成功的努力的ont新工業官僚政治的影響

    群眾生產標準化的產品。 簡化conewhat,一種官僚政治設計

    集中生產一種標準化的服務。 照此,官僚政治已經跟隨群眾

    生產模型。 這個模型的elemonts 包括當局的階層,

    過程和常規,為審判權dividion 權力的法規彙編或者

    功能和skilla的專業化和資格的標準化,

    Source(s): 好像還沒結束~
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