Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

醫療--營養學翻譯

Recent research: Phase I of the Trials of Hypertension Prevention (a multicenter, randomized controlled trial) demonstrated, over an 18 month period, the ability of moderate sodium reduction (from 155 to 100 mmol per day) to lower the mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure of 30-54 year old adults who had a high normal diastolic blood pressure at the time of enrollment. This group average blood pressure resulted in a 25% reduction in the number of individuals who developed high blood pressure during the study period. The Trials of Hypertension Prevention, Phase II, included a test of the ability of sodium reduction (without weight loss) to lower mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure in a group of adults who were overweight, over a longer follow up period (36-42 months). Compared to the usual care group (n=596), the chances of developing hypertension were lower in those assigned to sodium reduction (n=594) compared to those assigned to usual care (no dietary intervention) (relative risk or RR) for sodium versus usual care = 0.61, p=.04 at 6 months; RR=0.88; p=0.28 at 18 months; RR=0.88, p=0.09 at 36 months, and RR=0.86, p=.04 for those followed through 48 months. Urinary sodium excretion data collected at each time point suggest that the smaller effect on blood pressure from 18-months on reflects the difficulty in achieving sufficient long term adherence to sodium reduction.

請盡量不要照字翻,謝謝喔!

3 Answers

Rating
  • 1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    最近研究: 逐步採用高血壓預防(multicenter, 被隨機化的受控試驗) 試驗的I 被展示, 在一個18

    個月期間, 適度鈉減少的能力(從155 到100 mmol 每天) 降低的30-54 歲成人卑鄙心臟收縮和舒張血壓有高正常舒張血壓在註冊之時。這小組平均血壓導致對發展高血壓在研究期間個體的數量的25% 減少。試驗高血壓預防, 階段II, 包括鈉減少的能力的測試(沒有減重) 降低卑鄙心臟收縮和舒張血壓在是超重的一個小組成人, 在一個更長的繼續採取的行動期間(36-42 個月) 。與通常關心小組比較(n=596), 顯現出的高血壓的機會是低在那些被分配到鈉減少(n=594) 與那些比較被分配到通常關心(沒有飲食干預) (相對風險或RR) 為鈉對通常關心= 0.61, p=.04 在6 個月; RR=0.88; p=0.28 在18 個月; RR=0.88 、p=0.09 在36 月, 和RR=0.86, p=.04 為那些隨後了而來通過48 個月。泌尿鈉排泄資料收集了在每次點建議對血壓的更小的作用從18 月反射困難在達到充足的長期緊持對鈉減少。

    Source(s): 自己
  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    為何回答部分第六行

    ~降低卑鄙心臟收縮~

    不懂.....

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    最近研究: 逐步採用高血壓預防(multicenter, 被隨機化的受控試驗) 試驗的I 被展示, 在一個18

    個月期間, 適度鈉減少的能力(從155 到100 mmol 每天) 降低的30-54 歲成人卑鄙心臟收縮和舒張血壓有高正常舒張血壓在註冊之時。這小組平均血壓導致對發展高血壓在研究期間個體的數量的25% 減少。試驗高血壓預防, 階段II, 包括鈉減少的能力的測試(沒有減重) 降低卑鄙心臟收縮和舒張血壓在是超重的一個小組成人, 在一個更長的繼續採取的行動期間(36-42 個月) 。與通常關心小組比較(n=596), 顯現出的高血壓的機會是低在那些被分配到鈉減少(n=594) 與那些比較被分配到通常關心(沒有飲食干預) (相對風險或RR) 為鈉對通常關心= 0.61, p=.04 在6 個月; RR=0.88; p=0.28 在18 個月; RR=0.88 、p=0.09 在36 月, 和RR=0.86, p=.04 為那些隨後了而來通過48 個月。泌尿鈉排泄資料收集了在每次點建議對血壓的更小的作用從18 月反射困難在達到充足的長期緊持對鈉減少。

    Source(s): 露亞
Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.