Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化禮儀 · 2 decades ago

急需翻譯一段文章 "天葬" !!

急需翻譯成英文的一段文章" 天葬", 這是期末報告!!拜託拜託, 謝謝^ ^

天葬

  又稱露天葬、馬葬、風葬等。我國少數民族中較為流行此種葬法。純粹的天葬形式,以藏族的天葬葬式最具代表性,天葬本身也是藏族葬俗中最為普遍的一種葬式。藏語天葬為「杜垂傑哇」,意味「送屍到葬場」,又稱「恰多」,意為「餵鷲鷹」。「恰」是一種專門食屍的禿鷲,藏語叫「恰桂」,所以,天葬實則上是鳥葬。葬式的全過程為:人死後,用亡人自己的腰帶等和衣綑綁,置於空屋或帳房角落,用布或衣物遮蓋,點燃一盞酥油燈,以示祭奠,延請喇嘛誦經,擇定送葬日期,一般在死後的第三天。送葬時,將死者用牛馱至固定的天葬場地。司葬者先煨桑供神,禿鷲一見煙火,立即雲集而來,聚候於附近山巒等處。司葬者隨即剝去屍體衣服,然後按一定程序肢解屍體,繼而吹起海螺或仰天長嘯,禿鷲聞聲而至,將屍體食盡,然後飛去。出殯前,親友、鄉鄰都採參加送葬儀式,以示悼念。所有參加送葬的人,都由亡者家人分發一根穿有白線的針,以示互相之間有針線之誼,又表示施捨雖有多寡之別,而為來世積陰德,將來必有善報之意。天葬時,婦女不能參加葬儀,在家中料理內務,天葬結束,司葬人回來先以水洗臉,再用奶洗手,意在不把污穢帶回家來。天葬之俗始於何時,難以查考,但從其出現時間較晚,推斷似與佛教傳入西藏有關。佛教盛行西藏後,墓(土)葬便不再是唯一的葬式,佛教提倡把個人的一切,包括自己的肉體施捨給眾生,謂之「樂施」。於是天葬、水葬就應運而生了。

3 Answers

Rating
  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    Tibetan sky burial is not technically a burial. It is a specific funerary custom practiced in Tibet, in which the body is given to vultures as food. "Sky burial" is a name created by European visitors; in Tibetan the practice is known as jhator, which literally means, "giving alms to the birds."

    As the name implies, jhator is considered an act of generosity: the deceased and his/her surviving relatives are giving food to sustain living beings. Generosity and compassion for all beings are extremely important virtues in Buddhism. The average believer hopes that by performing generous acts, s/he will accumulate merit, which will allow him/her to be reborn in better circumstances.

    The procedure takes place on top of a large flat rock that has long been used for the purpose. The charnel ground (durtro) is always on higher ground than its surroundings; it may be very simple, consisting only of the flat rock, or it may be more elaborate, incorporating temples and stupas (chorten in Tibetan).

    Relatives may remain nearby during the jhator, possibly in a place where they cannot see it directly. The jhator usually happens at dawn.

    Prior to the procedure, monks may chant prayers around the body and burn juniper incense—although it seems that most often, ceremonial activity takes place the day before.

  • 1 decade ago

    我們是翻譯的團隊..........

    請問有需要翻譯嗎?

    可以翻譯的語言..如:英文、日文、德文、法文、西班牙文、

    俄文、義大利文、韓文.....等多種語言...

    翻譯價格便宜....可把電子檔寄來....

    即可馬上報價....及估計完成時間....

    如果沒有空自己翻譯,有需要就可以找我們

    可來信至winny302001@yahoo.com.tw

    或dearjindearjin36@yahoo.com.tw

    即時通:winny302001

    msn:et6324@hotmail.com

  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago

    您可在雅虎首頁打關鑑字〝獅吼棒喝..大藏寺祈竹仁波切問答選錄〞

Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.