Jc asked in 藝術與人文詩詞與文學 · 2 decades ago



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  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago
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    "Swift-footed" Achilles, son of Peleus and Thetis and the central figure of Iliad, is a young man of great beauty and strength. As a warrior he far surpasses the other Greeks and serves as a forerunner of the tragic heroes of Greed drama, primaliry because of his excessive pride and anger. He is a hero prototype of violence, wrath and loneliness; he is a man who lives by and for violence, who is creative and alive only in violent action. Accordingly, rather than stay home for longevity, he would choose to fight for honor even at the price of early death. Hes grief at Patroclus' death takes him back to war. His wrath, running the full course of Iliad, bring death to Hector and so to Achilles himself, for his death is fated to come "soon after Hector's." Ultimately, the violence to which he is dedicated will destroy him too. As we know he is finally slain by Paris before the fall of Troy.


    Prince of Troy. Son of Priam and Hecuba, destined before his birth to become the ruin of his country, Troy. He eas sent away to keep sheep in Mount Ida, where he lived with a nymph named Oenone. Later, the judge of his giving Aphrodite the golden apple and his seduction of Helen led to the Trojan War in which he killed Achilles with Apollo's help and was slain by Philoctetes with Hercule's arrow.


    Helen, Queen of Sparta, Menelau's wife, daughter of Zeus and Leda, is the most beautiful woman of th eage. She is seduced and abducted by Paris from Sparta to Troy when Menelaus goes to Crete, which leads to the famous ten-year Trojan War between the Greek and the Trojan. Later, with Aphrodite's help, she escapes from the battle and returns to Menelaus again.


    King of Troy, is told to have fourty-nine children with Hecuba, including Hector, Paris, Cassandra, and many more. His visit to Achilles as a suppliant for taking back Hector's body brings Achilles to learn the meaning of compassion and dignity. However, he is later killed by Achilles' son, Neoptolemus.


    Source(s): 西洋文學概論參考書
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