kong asked in 社會與文化語言 · 2 decades ago

會翻這篇文章的....重賞(20點)

The challenge of an important commitment triggers the crisis because the cost of disengagement to the challenged nation is high。The costs might be strategic,territorial or economic in nature。The nation’s bargaining position may also be affected。These costs and the nature of the disengagement vary from crisis to crisis。What though,could prompt a nation to challenge a commitment in the light of the associated risk of war?

Both the origins of the crisis and the historical contexts in which they occur are important and varied。A challenge to an adversary’s commitment may be force by serious domestic and/or foreign threats。The most serious external threat is the perception of a shift in the balance of power in the adversary’s favour。The Cuban missile crisis yet again provides an example (an adversary crisis of the central balance:Bell’s Type I) 。The Soviet Union perceived a need to redress the strategic balance,having realized that the US could launch an effective first strike against the Soviet Union,and being told so in 1961 by the US。

The deployment of 48 MRBMs and 24 IRBMs doubled the Soviet Union’s first strike capability and provided a limited second strike capability。The IRBMs were vulnerable but,being mobile。the MRBMs had a considerable deterrent value。Additionally,placing missiles in Cuba meant that American BMEWs,DEWs and Pinetree lines were circumvented。Geographic proximity to the US improved the accuracy of the missiles。If the deployment had been successful the Soviet Union stood to gain considerably。Castro’s position would be strengthened, the Chinese would be convinced of Soviet resolve and the influence of the US in Latin America would be on the decline。

Update:

這一篇英文是有關國際上的危機(會翻的請幫幫忙...^^)

3 Answers

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  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    一個重要承諾的挑戰觸發危機因為脫離的費用對被質詢的國家是high.CThe 費用也閉Ostrategic.Aterritorial 或經濟在nature.CThe nation..s 交易地點願並且是affected.CThese 費用並且脫離的本質變化從危機到crisis.CWhat though.Acould 提示國家質詢承諾根據war.HBoth 伴生的風險危機的起源並且他們發生重要並且varied.CA 挑戰對adversary..s 承諾也閉O力量由嚴肅國內並且/或者外國threats.CThe 多數嚴肅的外部危機是轉移悟性在力量均衡中在adversary..s favour.CThe 古巴飛彈危機的歷史背景再提供例子(中央balance.GBell..s 類型I) .CThe 蘇聯的敵人危機察覺需要再穿上戰略balance.Ahaving 意識到美國能發射有效的第一罷工反對蘇維埃Union.Aand 被告訴1961 年因此由48 MRBMs 和24 IRBMs 的US.CThe 部署加倍了Union..s 首先觸擊能力的蘇維埃並且假設有限的第二罷工capability.CThe IRBMs 是脆弱的but.Abeing 的mobile.Cthe MRBMs 有可觀的威懾物value.CAdditionally.Aplacing 飛彈在古巴意味美國BMEWs.ADEWs 和Pinetree 線是circumvented.CGeographic 接近度到美國改進了部署是成左玻站立獲取considerably.CCastro..s 位置會是strengthened.A 中國人會是missiles.CIf 的準確性說服蘇聯決心和美國的影響在拉丁美洲會是在decline.C

    Source(s): 翻譯軟體
  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago

    重要的承諾的挑戰引發危機, 因為費用那兒的分離的兌一那些富于挑戰性國家是高費用CThe 可以是戰略性Aterritorial或者經濟性質上討價還價位置的nation s CThe可能也被影響費用和自然那兒CThese

    危機的起源和歷史上下文, 他們發生哪個是對adversary s 承諾的重要和各種各樣的CA 挑戰可能是透過非常嚴重的外部威脅的嚴肅的國內和/或外國威脅CThe的力量 在adversary s紀念品CThe古巴飛彈危機內的在力量均勢方面的變化的知覺再次提供例子(一種中心的平衡GBell s I型的敵手危機)CThe

    48 MRBMs 和24枚IRBM 的部署首先使蘇聯Union s加倍罷工能力,預防一枚有限的第二罷工能力CThe IRBM 是脆弱的, 但是MRBMs Cthe機動的Abeing有相當多阻礙物估價意味著ADEWs 和產品Pinetree BMEWs美國在被智勝的去改進那些準確的那些飛彈的的那些美國的接近CGeographic的古巴飛彈Aplacing CAdditionally

    Source(s): 龍宿之腦~
  • 2 decades ago

    一個重要承諾的挑戰觸發危機因為脫離的費用對被質詢的國家是high?The 費用也許是strategic?territorial 或經濟在nature?The 國家的交易地點願並且是affected?These 費用並且脫離的本質變化從危機到crisis?What though?could 提示國家質詢承諾根據戰爭伴生的風險?

    危機的起源和他們發生重要並且varied?A 挑戰對敵人的承諾也許是力量由嚴肅國內並且/或者外國threats?The 多數嚴肅的外部危機是轉移悟性在力量均衡中在敵人的favour?The 古巴飛彈危機的歷史背景再提供一個例子(中央balance?Bell 的類型I)?The 蘇聯的敵人危機察覺需要再穿上戰略balance?having 意識到1961 年美國能發射有效的第一罷工反對蘇維埃Union?and 被告訴如此由美國?

    48 MRBMs 和24 IRBMs 的部署加倍了蘇聯的首先觸擊能力並且假設一有限的第二罷工capability?The IRBMs 是脆弱的but?being 的mobile?the MRBMs 有一個可觀的威懾物value?Additionally?placing 的飛彈在古巴意味美國BMEWs?DEWs 和Pinetree 線是circumvented?Geographic 接近度到美國改進了部署是成功的蘇聯站立獲取considerably?Castro 的位置會被加強missiles?If 的準確性? 中國人會被說服蘇聯決心並且美國的影響在拉丁美洲會是在decline 嗎?

    Source(s): YAHOO翻譯軟體
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