Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

向英文好手請教,文法的問題關於 to be !?

小弟在某文章中看到的英文句子

it's quite impossible to be successful without industry.

請問該句為何要用到 to be successful?

而不直接用 successful 變成以下那句!

it's quite impossible successful without industry.

或者是 to succeed 變成以下那句!

it's quite impossible to succeed without industry.

原句中 to be 代表什麼意思呢??

Update:

請問小羽大大

為什麼 to be successful = to succeed 呢?

Update 2:

再請問小羽大大

是不是任何 to be adj 都是不定詞的一種

2 Answers

Rating
  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    it's quite impossible to be successful without industry.

    在文法上it 是假主詞,真正的主詞是to be successful without industry

    也就是說,原來的句子是用不定詞當主詞,如下:

    To be successful without industry is quite impossible. 也可以用動名詞當主詞

    Being successful without industry is quite impossible.

    如此可知,第二句的

    it's quite impossible successful without industry.

    在文法上是無法成立的,因為形容詞不能當主詞。而且 it 是無意義的主詞,這句話也沒有內容。impossible 是形容詞,更不可能修飾形容詞successful.

    第三句是可以的,因為也可以寫成

    To succeed without industry is quite impossible.

    to be successful=to succeed 意思是 想要成功。

    2005-12-18 00:23:27 補充:

    樓上Linda886tw的文章倒數第三行

    的It is quite impossible to success O. without industry.

    是錯誤的

    應為It is quite impossible to succeed in O. without industry.

    succeed 的後面不一定要加受詞,沒有受詞的話,in 也不需要。

    2005-12-19 13:00:41 補充:

    所謂等於的意思是,用法上的相等。

    因為to be successful 和to succeed 都是不定詞片語,意義又相同,所以用法上可以代換。

    希望這樣說夠清楚。

    Source(s): my sleepy brain
  • Linda
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago

    to be shows the progress the S. is going to make, which makes your V. vivid and the story will be more active than not using it.your sample:It is quite impossible to be...Because you already have a V. (is), for the second V. , you need a "to" to aviod 2 V.s at one sentence. The 2. sample has 2 adj.sThe 3. sample shall be:It is quite impossible to (become) successful without industry. ORIt is quite impossible to success O. without industry.YOu shall check seccess this word first and work on the basic simple sentence, like " it is adj. to V." 

    Source(s): myself
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