123 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 2 decades ago

being文法

A lot of mistakes are caused by his being careless.

his being careless←這句是BEING的什麼用法?? 很急~~~快 問這個就好

Update:

問什麼不奇怪..可以跟我說嗎

2 Answers

Rating
  • Chou
    Lv 5
    2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    所有格+ Ving (...人物做...這件事)

    ex: I like her singing. 我喜歡她唱歌(這件事)

    she sings > her singing

    ex: I don't like his being late. 我不喜歡他遲到(這件事)

    he is late > his being late

    A lot of mistakes are caused by [his being careless.]

    很多錯誤是[他不小心]造成的

    he is careless > his being careless

    是因為 所有格+ Ving 的用法

    所以be V也要變化成Ving

    by本身是介詞, 介詞+N

    本句為被動用法

    S+ Vt O

    O be p.p. by S

    可見by後面也要加名詞

    his being careless成為一件事情, 當作by介係詞後加的名詞

    若是原來 he is careless為一個句子, 介係詞只能加名詞, 不能直接加句子

    所以勢必要做變化化為名詞

    希望我的解說夠詳細 :)

    Source(s): Myself
  • 2 decades ago

    careless,粗心的,這句話的意思就是這麼多錯誤被引起(被動語態)是因為他的粗心,careless為形容詞,因此一定要搭配be動詞出現,但是by是介係詞,介係詞後加ving,所以be便要加上ing成為動名詞,因此就算加上所有格his也不奇怪。

    Source(s): 自己
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