Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 2 decades ago

救命阿~職能治療的翻譯

PROBLEM 4: DECREASED LEFT UPPER

EXTREMITY FUNCTION

Objective

Increase left upper extremity function sufficiently so it is a good functional assist to dominant right upper extremity

Method

NDT trunk mobilization, then trunk facilitation techniques to elicit normal trunk control. Weight-bearing and joint compression activities as needed to reduce spasticity in left UE and hand before active movement activities. Scapular stabilization exercises to facilitate control at the shoulder.

Bilateral work on the ball to elicit isolated elbow control. Activities with therapy putty for isolated wrist and hand movements as spasticity declines. Incorporate the left UE into functional activities such as washing the table, carrying a plate, folding towels

Gradation

Reduced need for adjunctive activities such as mobilization and facilitation before functional activcities

PROBLEM 7: VISUAL DYSFUNCTION

(POOR VISUAL SACCADES)

Objective

Increase visual scanning so that reading, driving, and community activities are possible

Method

Visual saccades exercises consisting of the Hart chart, finger saccades, yardstick reading pattern fixations, and games such as bingo and double solitaire. Reading using anchoring (cuing the patient where to begin the visual search) or red tape or marker. Incorporating visual saccades into functional activities such as locating an item on a shelf at the grocery store

Gradation

Vision exercises begin monocular (one eye at a time) and progress to binocular (two eyes at a time). Reduce the amount of anchoring and overall cuing required for effective scanning. Progress from visual saccades in an uncluttered environment to scanning a complex, high stimulus environment.

2 Answers

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  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    中文 : 問題4︰減少離開上面

    末端功能

    目標

    增加足夠離開上面功能末端,因此一好職能給聳立右邊上面末端幫助

    方法

    NDT樹幹動員, 然後引出正常的中繼線控制的樹幹簡化技術。 按需要忍受重量和共同壓縮活動在活躍的運動活動之前在左UE和手裡降低spasticity。 要使變得容易的肩羽穩定鍛鍊在肩控制。

    在引出獨立的肘的球上的雙邊的工作控制。 當spasticity 下降的獨立的腕和手運動的有治療油灰的活動。 把左UE編入功能的活動例如洗桌子,帶一個盤子,摺疊毛巾

    分等

    降低在功能的activcities之前為象動員和簡化那樣的附屬的活動需要

    問題7︰視覺機能失調

    (貧窮的視覺SACCADES)

    目標

    增加視覺掃描以便讀,驅動,並且社區活動是可能的

    方法

    讀圖案固定和象賓果那樣的比賽的由哈特圖表,手指saccades組成的視覺saccades 練習,碼尺和使單人球戲加倍。 讀使用拋錨(cuing 開始視覺的搜尋的病患)或者規章制度或者記分員。 把視覺saccades編入功能的活動,例如在在雜貨店的一付架子找到一樣東西

    分等

    視力練習開始單眼(一眼睛一次)並且發展為雙目的(一次的二眼睛)。 降低拋錨的數量,總的cuing要求有效的掃描。 從在一種uncluttered環境裡的視覺saccades到掃描的發展一種複雜,高的刺激環境。

  • 2 decades ago

    PROBLEM 4: DECREASED LEFT UPPER EXTREMITY FUNCTION

    正確翻譯為:問題四:減少的左上肢功能

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