阿昌
Lv 4
阿昌 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

有關於腎臟醫學的教材翻譯.英翻中.....10點

NORMALARTERIAL STENOSISVENOUS SENOSIS

INSEPCTION VEIN DILATED with no collateralsDecrease or abosencd of postanastomosis vein dilatationPost-anastomosis segmental vein dilatation

AuscultationMaximum at anastomosis with distal radiationWeak with no radiation Bruit in the anastomosis site and a secomd bruit over the stenotic area

Palpation Maximum thrill at the AVF junctionPulsatile with absencd of thrillPresencd of two thrills –AVF and in the stenotic vein segment

Arm elevation Complete collapse of the vein’sCOMPLETE VENOUS COLLAPSENon collapsible pre stenotic vein segment with normal post-stenosis vein collapse

Venous pressure

Dynamic

Static

P27

Recirculation

Chemical

Peripheral blood

Measure bun in a peripheral vein(p)and simultaneously in the arterial(A)and venous line (V)

RC=(P-A/P-V)*100

LOW FLOW METHOD (DOQI)

Samples arterial(A)and venous (V)line

Reduce blood flow rate (BFR)to 120 ml/min turn

Blood pump off 10seconds after reducing BFR Draw systemic(P)sample from the arterial line

RECIRCULATION:DILUTIONAL

P28

INTRA-ACCESS BLOOD FLOW MONITORING

Hemodynamic access

Ultrasound dilution technique

Glucose pump test (GPT)

CIRTICAL shunt flow volume in dialysis access

Av fistule

Minimum flow rate 350 to 400ml/min<600 ml/min clotting problems

P29

ACCESS ANATOMY

Ultrasound gray scale us

Fistulography gold standard

The size and type of fistula

Size whape and position of the veins used for cannulation

Presencd of aneurysm and or thrombi

Locations of venous stenosis

2 Answers

Rating
  • yun
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    NORMAL 正常ARTERIAL STENOSIS 動脈狹窄VENOUS STENOSIS靜脈狹窄Inspection視診(會見到)vein dilated with no collaterals靜脈擴張,但無側枝decrease or absence of postanastomosis vein dilatation吻合處遠端靜脈擴張現象減少,或不存在post-anastomosis segmental vein dilatation 吻合處遠端靜脈擴張Auscultation聽診(會聽到的)maximum at anastomosis with distal radiation 雜音在吻合處最大聲,且會散放至遠端處 Weak with no radiation雜音弱,而且沒有散放出去Bruit in the anastomosis site and a second bruit over the stenotic area在吻合處有雜音,且在狹窄處有第二聲雜音Palpation觸診(會摸到)maximum thrill at the AVF junction在動靜脈廔管交接處,亂流最強pulsatile with absence of thrill有脈動,但沒有亂流Presence of two thrills -AVF and in the stenotic vein segment.有兩處亂流,一在動靜脈廔管交接處,一在靜脈狹窄處Arm elevation抬手測驗Complete collapse of the vein's 靜脈完全扁塌Complete venous collapse 靜脈完全扁塌non collapsible pre stenotic vein segment with normal post-stenosis vein collapse狹窄處之前的靜脈,無法扁塌這篇要弄成表格翻起來才易懂以作比較可是以下超過字數試翻重要部份 (很多重複的名詞見其他篇)Recirculation 再利用率 (的算法)Peripheral blood週邊血液Measure bun in a peripheral vein(p)and simultaneously in the arterial(A)and venous line (V)測週邊靜脈中血尿素濃度,同時測(廔管處)動脈端(A)與靜脈端(V)的血尿素(blood urine niotrogen  BUN)濃度RC(再利用率)=(P-A/P-V)*100LOW FLOW METHOD (DOQI)慢速流量法(另有stop flow method)Samples arterial(A)and venous (V)line Reduce blood flow rate (BFR)to 120 ml/min 取樣時將血流量降至每分鐘120毫升turn Blood pump off 10seconds after reducing BFR Draw systemic(P)sample from the arterial line減緩血量後,將血液幫浦關掉10秒鐘,再從動脈端抽血作為全身的樣本(P)

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    NORMALARTERIAL STENOSISVENOUS SENOSIS INSEPCTION 靜脈沒有collateralsDecrease或者postanastomosis 靜脈dilatationPost 吻合部分靜脈擴張的abosencd 擴大 AuscultationMaximum在吻合與遠端的radiationWeak沒有輻射一起在吻合站點內傳布和secomd越過stenotic 地區傳布  對AVF junctionPulsatile 用兩震顫感VF的thrillPresencd的absencd 和在stenotic 心境部分裡的捫診最大的震顫感 臂升高完成vein'sCOMPLETE靜脈COLLAPSENon 可摺疊預stenotic 靜脈部分與正常的stenosis後靜脈一起的倒塌倒塌 靜脈的壓力 動態 靜止 P27 二次循環 化學 外圍血 在外圍心境(便士)裡測量小圓甜麵包 並且同時在動脈(A)裡 以及靜脈的線(V) 電阻=(P-A / P-V) *100 在低處,方法(DOQI)流動了 取樣動脈(A) 以及靜脈的(V) 線  降低血流動比率(BFR) 對120來說ml/min 轉動 血離10seconds 抽在降低之後,BFR 拉系統的(P) 來自這條動脈線的樣品 二次循環︰DILUTIONAL P28 內部的進入血流出監控 Hemodynamic 進入  超音波稀釋技術 葡萄糖抽試驗(GPT) CIRTICAL分流器在滲析出入口過程中流出量 Av fistule 最小流量比率350在400 ml/min<600 ml/min使問題凝結 P29 進入解剖學 超音波灰度等級我們 Fistulography金本位製 喙管的尺寸和類型 依大小排列用於cannulation的靜脈的whape 和位置 Presencd aneurysm 和或者血栓 靜脈的stenosis的位置  

    Source(s): j;3504..
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