Anna asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

語言學問題~幫幫忙~拜託!!!!!10點~

what is minimal pair? Try to explain why a minimal pair provides a clue for identify the phonemes.

please help me~~and try to don't copy other webside, please....

thank you

Update:

ya, thanks Peilin....now i know the minimal pair...

but could u explain why a minimal pair provides a clue for identify the phonemes.

thanks~~~

Update 2:

thanks Yum...

2 Answers

Rating
  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Minimal pair :Two words in a language which differ from each other by only one distinctive sound(one PHONEME) and which also differ in meaning. For example, the English words bear and pear are a minimal pair as they differ in meaning and in their intial phonemes /b/ and /p/.

    Phoneme:the smallest unit of sound in a language which can distinguish two words.

    也就是說phoneme為區辨語義的最小單位

    According to the definitions of phone and minimal pair, we can know that

    phoneme is an important key element to distinguish two words.

    EX:

    beat /bit/

    heat /hit/

    They are minimal pairs in that they have one different sound.

    Source(s): 字典:Longman Dictionary of Language Teaching and Applied Linquistics
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  • yun
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago

    這大概要回歸到phoneme的基本定義phoneme (音素) : A minimal unit that serves to distinguish between meanings of words.而利用最小配對( minimal pair)剛好是只有一個特徵不同(manner or placement or voicing or in Chinese ,tone)可以呈現不同的意思故知其為不同phonemes 例如: 地(ㄉ)球 vs. 汽(ㄑ)球三(ㄙ)元 vs. 山(ㄕ)猿 

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