Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

who和whom的用法解題

國三的小外甥參考書上的問題,請文法高手幫忙解惑,謝謝!

Listen to those people( )you believe are honest.

(A)who

(B)whom

(C)whose

(D)what

麻煩選出答案並且解釋為什麼,先感謝您的熱心解答!

3 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Listen to those people who you believe are honest.Listen to those people; You believe those people are honest.those people 是 are honest 的主詞, 而those people are honest整句是believe的受詞, 而不是those people是believe的受詞, 所以用who當are honest的主格關係代名詞.

    2005-11-21 01:19:31 補充:

    國三的英文有那麼tricky嗎?

    2005-11-21 21:59:09 補充:

    小鬍說的是下面的句子,whom是believe的受詞:

    Listen to those people whom you believe.

    很多人會弄錯的.不要弄混了主詞與受詞......

    Listen to those people who you believe are honest.

    2005-11-22 01:28:28 補充:

    小鬍說的是下面的句子,whom是believe的受詞:

    Listen to those people whom you believe.

    yowkang問的是:

    Listen to those people who you believe are honest.

    其中you believe的是who are honest整句,所以who要用主格who,而不是受格whom.

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    也謝謝小鬍的解釋,我當初也覺得視whom,可是答案卻是who耶!真難抉擇!

    爸比上面補充意見看不太懂耶??

    2005-11-21 22:15:24 補充:

    如果這句把you believe當作可有可無,看起來會更明確:Listen to those people who (you believe) are honest.只是突然這麼想到...

    2005-11-22 17:30:33 補充:

    這樣就清楚多了!謝謝爸比!

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    爸比忘記填答案了= =

    2005-11-21 01:43:32 補充:

    選whom

    因為BELIEVE是及物動詞

    所以PEOPLE變成受格要用WHOM

    在正統英文來說

    whom就是關係代名詞裡面的受格

    I like Hank the most.(我最喜歡漢克)

    漢克就是受格

    當你要用到關係代名詞時

    whom就會出現了

    例如有兩個句子

    Hank is a good student.(漢克是好學生)

    I like Hank(漢克是接受"喜歡"這個動作的人所以叫受格) the most.(我最喜歡漢克)

    欲把此兩句拼起來

    關代就可以用到了

    Hank is a good student whom I like the most.(漢克是我最喜歡的好學生)

    也就是whom這個關係代名詞兼負了{"連接詞"及"受詞"的功能

    至於who他兼負了"連接詞"與"主詞"的功能

    用法如下

    Jan is a pretty girl.(珍是個漂亮女孩)

    Jan plays the piano well.(珍鋼琴彈的很好)

    在兩個句子的人物都為"主詞"的情形下

    就用who來接

    Jan is a pretty girl who plays the piano well.

    (珍是個鋼琴彈的好的漂亮女孩)

    那這樣懂了麼

    但至今外國人講的英文越來越隨著時間改變

    不再那麼重視whom 或who

    "基本上"他們講話都會只講WHO

    Hank is a good student "who" I like the most.

    第一

    畢竟是對話不是那麼重視文法了

    第二

    很多人用所以就積非成是(有些人作文也是沒用WHOM)

    但是嚴格上來講像我給外國老師上作文

    他就連講話都還是該用WHOM就用WHOM

    所以顯示了正統英文還是WHOM正確

    而且以我以前學的來講

    我們台灣也是教導孩子比較正統的文法

    老師上課一定也教WHOM的

    寫WHOM就沒錯

    2005-11-21 04:52:06 補充:

    我以前學的英文就是如此tricky= =

    Source(s): 上課學的
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