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Bribery in Business Sectors

Bow likely is it that senior public officials in this country world demand or accept bribes, e.g., for public tenders, regulations, licensing in the following business sectors?

The scores are mean averages from all the responses on a 0 to 10 basis, where 0 represents very high perceived levels of corruption, and 10 represents extremely low perceived levels of corruption.

Source: ”Transparency International Bribe Payers Index 2002, ”Transparency International, May 14,2002, www.transpararency.org/cpi/2002/bpi2002.en.html. Reprinted with permission.

In 1988, the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness (OTC) Act reduced FCPA legislation in certain areas and repealed the Eckhardt Amendment. The Eckhardt Amendment had prevented senior managers from using agents or employees as scapegoats when bribes were given. The OTC Act makes prosecution of bribery even more difficult, thus decreasing the power and applicability of the FCPA in global business settings. Subsequent support for the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act has come through a global treaty, the Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International is Business Transactions, which has been signed by thirty-four nations. The Convention is dominated by some of the largest countries in the world, and the majority in support of the treaty are members of the Organization of Economic cooperation and Development (OECD). The treaty requires signatories to make it a criminal offense for any person to “offer, promise or give away undue pecuniary or other advantage … to a foreign public official ” for the purpose of obtaining “business or other improper advantage in the conduct of international commerce.” Punishment is to be swift and effective so as to deter future offenses and is to be determined by the country in which the company operates. However, at the time of the Transparency International Study in, only eighteen of the thirty-four treaty-signing countries had deposited all the necessary ratification documents.

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  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    行賄在生意部門弓可能在天氣那這幾次國家世界需求進階官員或者接受賄賂 、例如 、對於公開投標來說 、規章 、在下列生意部門方面批准嗎? 那些得分吝嗇平均數從全部回應關於0到10 、這裡0 描述非常高的察覺的各級腐敗 、10 描述強烈在低處察覺各級腐敗。  來源︰  」明確度國際賄賂付款人第2002索引 、」國際透明度 、14,2002年5月 、www.transpararency.org/cpi/2002/bpi2002.en.html。  用許可重印。 在1988年 、公共汽車貿易和競爭性(OTC)  行為降低在某些地區的FCPA立法並且廢止埃克哈特改正。  埃克哈特改正阻止進階經理使用代理人或者雇員代人受過者賄賂給什麼時候當時。  OTC 行為使檢舉行賄更難 、如此在全球生意底座方面減少FCPA的動力和應用性。  隨後對的支援外國行賄行動已經透過一項全球條約 、在國際裡的在與外國官員的行賄作鬥爭之後的習俗是商業交易 、34個國家已經在上簽字。  習俗在世界上被一些最大的國家支配 、並且多數支援條約是經濟合作和發展(經合組織)的組織的成員 .  條約要求簽約國為任何人使它為一次犯罪過錯  「提供 、許諾或者洩露不適當的金錢或者其他優勢  對一名外國官員  」 為了獲得  「在國際通商的行為過程中的生意或者其他不恰當的優勢。 」 處罰將迅速和有效以便阻止將來的過錯並且將被公司經營的國家確定。  但是 、在明確度時國際研究在方面 、只有34個簽署條約的國家中的18 個已經存全部必要批准資料。  

    Source(s): j;3504..
  • 2 decades ago

    ㄜ...這是用翻譯軟體翻的嗎??弓是啥意思阿?有點亂耶!不過還是感謝你啦!我再用翻譯軟體看看好囉!

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