Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 2 decades ago



17.Countries that fail to adjust quickly to external economic shocks face future problems.

18.The opposite happened in Latin America, where most countries accepted the then-prevalent ideology that growth is best promoted by an import-substitution development strategy characterized by extensive state ownership.

19.In a market economy-also know as capitalism-economic decisions are made by individual decision makers based on prices-of goods.

20.In a command economy-often termed socialism-people at the top decide what is to be produced.

21.A large government deficit relative to GDP

22.A high rate of money expansion, especially if it is combined with a relatively fixed exchange rate.

23.Substantial government expenditures yielding low rates of return.

24.Price controls, interest rate ceilings, trade restrictions, rigid labor laws, and other government-imposed barriers to the smooth adjustment of the economy to changing relative prices.

25.High tax rates that destroy incentives to work, save, and invest.

26.Vast state-owned firms run for the benefit of their managers and workers.

27.A citizenry that demands, and a political system that accepts, government responsibility for maintaining and expanding the nation’s standard of living through public-sector spending and regulations.

28.Pervasive corruption that acts as a large tax on legitimate business activity, holds back development, discourages foreign investment, breeds distrust of capitalism, and weakens the basic fabric of society.

29.The absence of basic institutions of government- a well-functioning legal system.

30.Market-oriented policies improve a nation’s economic health and its creditworthiness.

31.The hard fact is that the LDCs must rely on self-help to cope with their problems.

32.Political factors that underlie country risk include the degree of political stability of a country and the extent to which a foreign entity.

1 Answer

  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    17.不能迅速適應外部經濟震動的國家面臨將來的問題。 相反18.The在拉丁美洲發生 、這裡大多數國家接受發展被一個以廣泛的國有製為特點的進口替代發展策略最好促進的當時的流行的思想意識。 19.當基於價格的貨物的個別的決策者做經濟資本主義決定時,在一個市場經濟也方面認為。 20.在一個計畫經濟經常方面稱社會主義人們在頂決定什麼將被生產。 21.A與GDP22.A有關的大的政府赤字錢擴大的高的比率 、特別是如果這與一個相對固定匯率相結合。 23.相當可觀的政府支出產生低的收益率。 24.Price 控制 、利率天花板 、貿易限制 、嚴格的勞動法 、以及為了兌換有關的價格的其他政府強加的經濟的順利的調整的障礙。 25.破壞獎勵工作的高的稅率 、保留 、並且投資。 26.巨大的國有公司為了他們的經理和工人的利益運轉。 要求的27個.A公民 、以及接受的政治體制 、政府對保持和擴大國家的經歷過國營企業開支和規章的標準的責任。 28.關於合法的商務活動作為大的稅款的遍佈的腐敗 、阻擋發展 、阻止外國投資 、造成資本主義的不信任 、並且減弱社會的基本的架構。 29.基本機構不在的政府一好起作用法製。 30.適應市場政策改進國家的經濟健康和它的值得信貸。 31.無可否認的事實是欠發達國家必須倚賴自助處理他們的問題。 32.為國家風險的基礎的政治原素包括學位的政治穩定的國家和那些程度對哪個外國實體。  

    Source(s): j;3504...
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