? asked in 社會與文化語言 · 2 decades ago

贈送20點~請好心人幫我翻譯~~感激~急

Similar, if not identical, problems face the analyst of crises. The difficulty is that what provides a crisis for one state may not be a crisis, for anther, or be regarded as such by outside observers. Thus it seems important to establish a distinction between what could most appropriately be called a distinction between what could most appropriately be called a foreign policy crisis, and an international crisis. The distinction should not be overdrawn. Nevertheless, it is a significant if a subtle one. Perhaps the best way of urgent clarifying it is to suggest that a foreign policy crisis involves an urgent problem facing a single government, whereas an international crisis involves certain kinds of stresses and strains in the relationship between governments ; Although the two kinds of crisis are not synonymous, neither are they mutually exclusive. A foreign policy crisis can be although it need not be-part of an international crisis, whereas an international crisis invariably involves at least two foreign policy crisis. The difference, therefore, is partly a matter of substance. It is also a matter of conceptualization, however, and depends on whether one adopts a bird’s-eye view, which focuses on the overall relationship and pattern of interaction among the participants, or a decision-making perspective, un which the situation is examined though the eyes of the policy-makers themselves.

Update:

請不要用翻譯軟體 謝謝~感激大家的幫忙

2 Answers

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  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    據說不確立是要說能招呼外交政策危機在是說不定供給在想在這邊翻譯的這邊是翻譯同樣的;困難1個州的危機的事雄做be的?牛的危機的那個結果,最適當招呼,什麼間最適當區別的也許的事,國際的危機的區別重要認為。如果不是那樣,由於同樣的事,問題面向著危機的分析者。根據旁觀者作為那樣的東西請被看作;區別不是借款隔著。不過,如果是關乎a微妙的東西外交政策危機面向單一的政府的事能放的緊急的問題的那個要(會)表示的緊急的澄清的事的最好的方法,a重要的;國際的危機伴隨政府之間的關係能放,有的種類的緊張狀態和過勞; 2種的危機不是同義,不過,哪邊都,他們互相不排他性。是那個,不過,外交政策危機必須關於是那樣事能,請-離開,國際的危機那樣做;國際的危機不變性地至少伴隨2外交政策危機。因此,差異是一部物質的問題。同時,然而,是概念化的問題,人是不是採用鳥瞰圖源於,不過,哪個在有關人員,或意志決定的見解中向(以)互相作用綜合性的關係和圖形合起焦點,是不-,哪個,政策籌劃者的眼自己,不過,狀況是不是重要認為。如果不是那樣,由於同樣的事,問題面向著危機的分析者。根據旁觀者作為那樣的東西請被看作;區別不是借款隔著。不過,如果是關乎a微妙的東西外交政策危機面向單一的政府的事能放的緊急的問題的那個要(會)表示的緊急的澄清的事的最好的方法,a重要的;國際的危機伴隨政府之間的關係能放,有的種類的緊張狀態和過勞; 2種的危機不是同義,不過,哪邊都,他們互相不排他性。是那個,不過,外交政策危機必須關於是那樣事能,請-離開,國際的危機那樣做;國際的危機不變性地至少伴隨2外交政策危機。因此,差異是一部物質的問題。那個又,然而,是概念化的問題,人是不是在有關人員中互相作用綜合性的關係和圖形採用使焦點協調的鳥瞰圖或者意志決定的見解是在裡(上)由於,不-,哪個,政策籌劃者的眼自己,不過,狀況能調查嗎?

    Source(s): 翻譯機
  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago

    翻譯機翻譯的Similar, if not identical, problems face the analyst of crises. The difficulty is that what provides a crisis for one state may not be a crisis, for anther, or be regarded as such by outside observers. Thus it seems important to establish a distinction between what could most appropriately be called a distinction between what could most appropriately be called a foreign policy crisis, and an international crisis. The distinction should not be overdrawn. Nevertheless, it is a significant if a subtle one. Perhaps the best way of urgent clarifying it is to suggest that a foreign policy crisis involves an urgent problem facing a single government, whereas an international crisis involves certain kinds of stresses and strains in the relationship between governments ; Although the two kinds of crisis are not synonymous, neither are they mutually exclusive. A foreign policy crisis can be although it need not be-part of an international crisis, whereas an international crisis invariably involves at least two foreign policy crisis. The difference, therefore, is partly a matter of substance. It is also a matter of conceptualization, however, and depends on whether one adopts a bird’s-eye view, which focuses on the overall relationship and pattern of interaction among the participants, or a decision-making perspective, un which the situation is examined though the eyes of the policy-makers themselves. 相似, 如果不相同, 問題面對危機的分析員。困難是什麼提供一次危機為一個狀態不能是一次危機, 為花藥, 或把視為這樣由外部觀察員。因而它似乎重要建立分別在什麼之間能最適當地稱分別在什麼之間能最適當地稱一次對外政策危機, 並且一次國際危機。分別不應該被透支。然而, 它是重大的如果一微妙一個。或許最佳的方式迫切澄清它將建議, 一次對外政策危機介入一個迫切問題面對一個唯一政府, 但是一次國際危機介入某些種類重音和張力在關係在政府之間; 雖然這种二危機不是同義字的, 兩者都不是他們互相排斥。一次對外政策危機可能是雖然它不需要一次國際危機的是部份, 但是一次國際危機不變地介入至少二對外政策危機。區別部分是, 因此, 實質性問題。這並且是概念化事情, 然而, 和取決於是否你採取概略的看法, 集中於互作用的整體關係和樣式在參加者之中, 或政策制定透視, 情況被審查雖則政府決策人員眼睛的聯合國。

    Source(s): 翻譯軟體
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