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asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

請幫我翻譯(職能治療專業術語)請部要用翻譯軟體翻(急用)

the TOGSS may be useful for other persons with severe and persistent mental illness as well as for persons with other types of brain disorders who have difficulty maintaining concentration and using environmental cues in a setting with many competing stimuli.

The weakness of the TOGSS is its limited focus on the task of grocery shopping without consideration of the planning phase of shopping and completing shopping by purchasing the items. Comprehensive evaluation of grocery shopping skills involves a series of context-based performance measures, starting with meal planning, list preparation, and evaluation of items on hand.

Developing the TOGSS highlighted the inherent challenge of measuring performance in a natural and dynamic setting. During the study, the grocery store that had been chosen changed ownership, which led to some changes in products and product location. Weekly sales occasionally changed what had been the lowest priced item. Weekly evaluation of these changes was the only way to minimize error variance. This dynamic quality of natural settings increases the cost of assessing performance in context. However, evaluation in context may be cost-effective if it is used to screen those persons who need intervention and to allow interventions to be tailored to individual needs.

Conclusions

The importance of performance measures is clear in a profession that focuses on evaluating skills in natural settings. However, it is also important to recognize the inherent challenges of developing reliable and valid performance measures. These challenges include integration of a conceptual framework and application of psychometric concepts relevant to performance measures. These processes can be used in developing other performance-based measures.

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    這射擊系統可能是有益為了其他的人和嚴格和固執的精神病如同為了人和其他的類型的腦雜亂誰有困難maintaining集中和使用環境的插入一安頓和許多competingstimuli.

    這虛弱的這射擊系統是它的有限的集中這工作的食品雜貨店購物沒有考慮的這計畫階段的購物和completing購物以採購的這細目. 包羅廣泛評價的食品雜貨店購物技能包含一系列文章脈絡-立基於工作指標, 開始和餐計畫, 列表準備, 和評價的細目在手邊.

    發展射擊系統加亮固有的挑戰的業績測定在自然的和動態集. 的時間學習,食品雜貨店已被選的貯藏改變所有權,哪個引導到某些變化在產品和產品位置. 每星期的銷售額偶而改變什麼已是最低價項目. 每星期的評價的這些變化是不二法門將減到最少誤差變異. 這有活力的質量的自然的設置增加費用的評價履行在語境. 然而,評價在文章脈絡可能是費用-有效的假如它習慣於銀幕那些人誰需要介入和到給與介入到是剪裁講究的到個體的必須.

    總結

    重要性的工作指標是清楚的在職業那集中評價對熟練自然的設置. 然而,它是同樣重要承認固有的挑戰的發展可靠的和正當的工作指標. 這些挑戰包括集成的構想範圍和應用的心理測量的思想中肯的到工作指標. 這些過程能被在發展其他的表演-立基於量度標準使用.

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    忒殊服裝可能有嚴厲和持久的精神病對其他人有用,以及適合人與誰很難保持集中並且使用在一背景與很多件競爭的刺激一起內的環境暗示的大腦紊亂的其他類型一起。 特殊服裝的弱點是它的有限的集中于購物的計畫階段和完成的購物的不予考慮的食品雜貨店購物的任務,透過購買東西。 對食品雜貨店購物技能的廣泛的評估與一系列基于上下文的性能測量有關,從飯開始計畫,列舉準備和在手頭上項目的評估。 發展特殊服裝強調在一個自然和動態的底座裡測量性能的固有的挑戰。 在研究期間,已經被選擇為改變的所有權的雜貨店,在產品和產品位置裡導致一些變化。 每周銷售偶爾改變什麼是最低的定價的項目。 對這些變化的每周評估是使錯誤變化減到最小的唯一的方法。 這自然背景增加的動態質量評價性能在背景內的費用。 但是,如果它用來遮蔽需要干涉的那些人並且允許干涉適合個人需要,用上下文的評估可能是節省成本的。 性能測量的ConclusionsThe 重要在集中于在自然的底座裡評價技能的一種頭班裡清楚。 不過,認出發展可靠和有效的性能測量的固有的挑戰也是重要的。 這些挑戰包括一付基本概念的綜合和對性能測量相關的psychometric 概念的應用。 這些過程可能使用在發展其他基于性能時測量。

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