asked in 社會與文化語言 · 2 decades ago



Over the years, two fundamental counteracting forces have shaped the nature of international business operations and research. The same counteracting forces have been revisited by many authors in such terms as “standardization vs. adaptation”(1960s-70s),”globalization”(1970s-80s), and then” global integration vs. local responsiveness”(1980s-90s). If the recent explosive growth of information technology (IT) is considered, we could suggest a new IT-relevant one,” online scale vs. offline sensitivity,” to the litany of the supply-side and demand-side counteracting forces that shape the nature of international business.

Although terms have changed, the quintessence of the strategic dilemma that globally operating companies face has not changed and may even remain unchanged for years to come. Are these terms just fashionable dichotomous (either/or) concepts of the time without some deep meanings? Or has something inherently changed in the nature of global strategy and competition under the influence of IT? Indeed, more recent views suggest these counteracting forces are no longer an either/or issue. Forward-looking, proactive firms have the ability and willingness to accomplish both tasks simultaneously.

3 Answers

  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer


    standardization與adaptation〃(20世紀60年代-70年代)這樣的條件裡很多作者已經再訪相同的反作用力,〃globalization〃(20世紀70年代-80年代), 以及then〃全球綜合與本地responsiveness〃(20世紀80年代-90年代)。 如果資訊技術(IT)的新近的爆炸式發展被考慮, 我們能建議新的相關IT 的, 〃在線的規模與離線的敏感性,對形成國際商業的性質的供給方和要求邊的反作用力的啟應禱文的〃。

    雖然條件兌換,全球經營的臉公司沒改變的典型那兒的那些戰略性兩難的未來幾年保持甚至能不變。 作術語這些只不過流行兩分( /或者)概念的那些時間的沒有一些深意思? 還是某些事情受IT 的影響天生在全球策略和競爭的性質裡改變了? 的確,更,新近意見建議,反作用力這些不再一或者/或者期刊。 有遠見,前攝的公司有能力和意愿同時完成兩項任務。

  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago


  • 2 decades ago

    多年,兩基本的反作用力已經形成國際企業活動和研究的性質。 在象‥standardization 與adaptation〃(20世紀60年代-70年代)這樣的條件裡很多作者已經再訪相同的反作用力,〃globalization〃(20世紀70年代-80年代), 以及then〃全球綜合與本地responsiveness〃(20世紀80年代-90年代)。 如果資訊技術(IT)的新近的爆炸式發展被考慮, 我們能建議新的相關IT 的, 〃在線的規模與離線的敏感性,對形成國際商業的性質的供給方和要求邊的反作用力的啟應禱文的〃。

    雖然條件兌換,典型那兒的全球經營的臉公司沒改變的那些戰略性兩難的未來幾年保持甚至能不變。 作流行兩分的只不過的這幾次術語( /或者)概念的那些時間的沒有一些深意思? 還是某些事情受IT 的影響天生在全球策略和競爭的性質裡改變了? 的確,更,新近意見建議,反作用力這些不再一或者/或者期刊。 有遠見,前攝的公司有能力和意愿同時完成兩項任務。 ^ ^

    2005-10-27 23:20:04 補充:


    2005-11-05 23:18:55 補充:


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