玉玉 asked in 電腦與網際網路軟體 · 2 decades ago

(20點)Marvell網路卡不知道支不支援Linux??

繼上次PCMCIA關閉後,我成功進入Linux但是.....網路不能用><""這跟我關閉PCMCIA有關係嗎??還是我要去找驅動軟體??

我適用TOSHIBA SATELLITE M50ㄉ筆電,有無線網路及乙太網卡...

分別是1.Intel(R)PRO/Wireless 2200BG Network Connection

2.Marvell Yukon 88E8036 PCI-E Fast Ethernet Controller

不知道誰可以敎敎我怎ㄇ讓我ㄉCF4 Linux能上網><"(區網對我比較重要,因為我在學校裡,無線用不到)?之前試著找過但是Marvell網站都是english太深奧ㄌ看不懂,所以也不知道有沒有支援.....?麻煩哪位善心大大幫忙....所有步驟說詳細一點!感恩不盡!

5 Answers

Rating
  • 2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    你的區域網路應該是用Marvell的網路卡吧?!不過,從它的官方網站來看,可以支援Linux2.4和2.6,那就用來試試看吧!首先,參考這網址把Readme和驅動程式抓回來吧!參考網址:http://www.marvell.com/products/pcconn/yukon/index... Links」找到「Driver Downloads」連結,點選進去吧!然後,看到一些下拉式的選單就照如下說明選擇吧!小弟沒說到的給它空白沒關係。PRODUCT CATEGORY:PC ConnectivityPRODUCT FAMILY:YukonYOUR PLATFORM:Install package for Linux kernel 2.4 and 2.6選好之後,點選「SUBMIT SEARCH」連結進去,就可以看到Driver連結的下載頁面囉!點選「Yukon GigE Linux Driver」連結進去,可以看到一些相關說明還有版權宣告。如果沒問題,就Accept下載(Download)吧!另外一個Readme務必仔細閱讀喔(那是驅動程式安裝的基本功夫)!這樣,出問題時才回會手忙腳亂!:p小弟大概看了一下,重點會在第4、5、6、8、9部份。務必細讀,照著說明去裝吧!******* Readme全文*********Installation Instructions for sk98lin Driver

    This file contains

    1 Overview

    2 Required Files and Tools

    3 Prerequisites

    4 Preparing the Driver Installation Package

    5 Driver Installation

    5.1 Installation Mode

    5.2 Patch Generation Mode

    6 Patch Generation and Recompilation of the Kernel

    6.1 Downloading and Unpacking the Linux Kernel

    6.2 Generating the Driver Patch

    6.3 Applying the Driver Patch

    6.4 Configuring the Linux Kernel

    6.5 Compiling the Linux Kernel

    6.6 Installing the Compiled Linux Kernel

    7 Manual Module Loading

    8 Unloading the Module

    9 Driver Parameters

    10 Ethtool Commands

    11 Troubleshooting

    ================================================================================

    1 Overview

    ===========

    This document describes the installation of the sk98lin driver

    on your Linux system. It describes how the installation script works

    and how it can be used to either install the sk98lin driver or to

    create a Linux kernel patch. The installation script can be used on

    any Linux kernel version from 2.4.13 or higher.

    Applying the Linux kernel patch requires an installed Linux kernel

    which can be compiled and which is used along with the applied

    sk98lin driver. Therefore, unpacking, patching, configuring

    and compiling a Linux kernel is also explained in this document.

    This document does not describe the sk98lin driver and its

    parameters. For more information refer to 'sk98lin.txt' or

    the sk98lin.4 man page.

    ***

    2 Required Files and Tools

    ===========================

    To install the sk98lin driver the following files

    and tools on your Linux system are required:

    - Linux kernel source available in directory /usr/src/linux

    - Compiler tools (e.g. gcc)

    ***

    3 Prerequisites

    ================

    The prerequisites for compilation, loading and patch creation of the

    sk98lin driver are:

    - Any device using the sk98lin kernel module needs to be closed.

    - The old sk98lin kernel module needs to be unloaded.

    Per default the installation script will do this automatically

    (if "installation" mode is selected).

    - Your system has to be equipped with a supported network card.

    Without a card the full driver functionality cannot be checked.

    - The kernel source and kernel version have to be consistent.

    For instance, it might be, that you run kernel version 2.4.20, but

    the header files the kernel module will be compiled with refer to

    kernel version 2.4.21. If you don't have the same kernel version,

    install the sources and compile a new kernel. It's not possible to

    mix different kernel versions!

    ***

    4 Preparing the Driver Installation Package

    ============================================

    Before the sk98lin driver installation script can be invoked, the

    installation package needs to be unpacked:

    1. Login as 'root'.

    2. Unpack the driver installation package using the command

    # tar xfvj install-???.tar.bz2

    or

    # bunzip2 -c install-???.tar.bz2 | tar xfv -

    ***

    5 Driver Installation

    ======================

    1. After the driver installation package is unpacked, type the following

    commands to start the sk98lin driver build process:

    # cd DriverInstall

    # ./install.sh

    2. Select the driver installation mode (see following subchapters).

    3. Wait for the driver build process to finish.

    Depending on the installation mode you selected, the driver is either

    compiled and installed or a kernel patch is generated.

    ***

    5.1 Installation Mode

    ----------------------

    Selecting this installation mode the driver sources shipped

    with the install package are compiled and the resulting driver

    module object file is installed to a suitable location (usually somewhere

    below directory /lib/modules/...).

    No source files of the driver are installed into a kernel directory.

    Only the driver module object file and the man page of the driver are

    installed onto your system permanently.

    The term "installation" reflects the fact that the build

    process runs automatically without any user interaction. In case

    of installation problems, the driver installation script autonomously

    tries to solve the problem (if this is possible).

    After compilation has finished, the initial system state and

    configuration is recovered and all (possibly) backed-up system

    files are restored from the initial configuration.

    ***

    5.2 Patch Generation Mode

    --------------------------

    Selecting this installation mode, a driver patch is created which can

    be applied to your Linux kernel (instead of compiling and installing

    the driver on your machine).

    Usually, a patch is applied when a recompilation of the Linux

    kernel is intended and the latest driver sources need to be

    installed permanently in the appropriate driver directory of

    the Linux kernel.

    NOTE: You still have to compile your patched Linux kernel in

    order to effectively use the latest driver sources shipped

    with this installation package!

    ***

    6 Patch Generation and Recompilation of the Kernel

    ===================================================

    If a new patch has been created using the sk98lin driver installation

    script,

    - it needs to be applied against the Linux kernel sources

    and

    - the Linux kernel has to be recompiled in order to use the

    sk98lin driver.

    ***

    6.1 Downloading and Unpacking the Linux Kernel(這一大段主要是說從Kernel.org把Kernel的source code下載回來後,透過它們的scripts去「patch」Kernel。由於這段有點難度,建議找熟悉Linux的人幫你忙。這樣處理的目的在於製造一個能支援你網路卡的Kernel)

    -----------------------------------------------

    Before the sk98lin driver installation script is used to generate

    a driver patch, a Linux kernel needs to be installed. If you already have

    installed a Linux kernel in the directory /usr/src, you can skip this

    paragraph and immediately continue with the paragraph describing

    how to apply the patch against the Linux kernel.

    To patch the Linux Kernel, proceed as follows:

    1. Login as 'root'.

    2. Download the original Linux source code named linux-a.b.c.tar.bz

    from ftp.kernel.org into the directory /usr/src

    3. Go to the directory /usr/src and remove all symbolic links to old

    Linux sources using the commands:

    # cd /usr/src

    # rm linux

    4. Unpack the original Linux source code using the command:

    # tar xvjf linux-a.b.c.tar.bz

    After the sources have been installed, they can be found in a

    directory named /usr/src/linux-a.b.c or /usr/src/linux.

    5. If the symbolic link to the target kernel source directory

    (/usr/src/linux) does not exist, create it manually with the

    following commands:

    # cd /usr/src

    # ln -s linux.a.b.c linux

    ***

    6.2 Generating the Driver Patch

    --------------------------------

    1. Run the sk98lin driver installation script.

    2. Choose "generate patch".

    3. Follow the instructions of the install script.

    ***

    6.3 Applying the Driver Patch

    ------------------------------

    To apply the generated Patch into the kernel use the following

    commands:

    # cd /usr/src/linux

    # cat /patch-location/sk98lin__vX.XX_a_b_c_patch | patch -p1

    ***

    6.4 Configuring the Linux Kernel(這一段開始Kernel編譯的前置工作喔!有興趣自己來的話,先看一下鳥哥的網站進補後再說吧!這一段的處理也是成功驅動與否的關鍵)

    ---------------------------------

    1. Go to the directory /usr/src/linux:

    # cd /usr/src/linux

    2. Depending on your current environment mode (console or graphical),

    you have to invoke different Kernel configuration commands:

    - In the console mode, execute the command:

    # make menuconfig

    - In the graphical mode, execute the command:

    # make xconfig

    - In the graphical mode with kernel 2.6, execute the command:

    # make gconfig

    This builds a few programs and displays the kernel

    configuration menu. In this menu you can modify several options

    of the kernel configuration.

    3. Select the options you want to compile into the new kernel.

    - For kernel 2.4.x family:

    a. Select the menu "Network Device Support".

    b. Select "Ethernet (1000 Mbit)".

    - For kernel 2.6.x family:

    a. Select the menu "device drivers"

    b. Select the menu "Network Device Support".

    c. Select "Ethernet (1000 Mbit)".

    4. Select how to use the driver in the Linux kernel.

    - To compile the driver as a module, mark

    "Marvell Yukon Chipset/SysKonnect SK-98xx Support" with (M).

    - To integrate the driver permanently into the kernel, mark

    "Marvell Yukon Chipset/SysKonnect SK-98xx Support" with (*).

    5. Select if you want to use Rx polling (NAPI).

    - To enable Rx polling of the driver, mark

    "Use Rx polling (NAPI)" with (*).

    - To disable Rx polling of the driver, do not mark

    "Use Rx polling (NAPI)".

    6. Select "Exit".

    7. Select the menu "Loadable module support".

    8. Select "Enable loadable module support".

    9. Select "Kernel module loader".

    10. Configure other options depending on your needs (e.g. SCSI).

    11. To quit the configuration, select "Exit".

    12. When the message "Do you wish to save your new kernel configuration"

    is displayed, select "Yes".

    ***

    6.5 Compiling the Linux Kernel(重頭戲上場,重新編譯支援你網路卡的Kernel)

    -------------------------------

    After the Linux configuration has been finished, it can be compiled.

    1. Create all dependencies (unnecessary for kernel 2.6.x):

    # make dep

    2. Build the Linux kernel binary:

    # make clean bzImage.

    3. Build all modules and install them below /lib/modules:

    # make modules

    # make modules_install

    ***

    6.6 Installing the Compiled Linux Kernel(編輯Linux的開機選單<grub>把剛剛編譯好的Kernel放進去,如果成功,你的Linux應該就會認識那張網路卡了)

    -----------------------------------------

    When the compilation of the Linux kernel has been finished it needs

    to be installed to the boot directory. In addition to this, the boot

    loader (LILO, GRUB etc.) needs to be notified about the new Linux kernel.

    1. Install the new kernel by copying it into your boot directory

    by executing the commands (e.g. on Intel/x86 machines):

    # cp arch/i386/boot/bzImage /boot/vmlinuz-new

    # cp System.map /boot/System.map-new.

    2. Edit the boot loader configuration file to boot the new kernel.

    For details refer to man page and documentation of your boot loader

    (LILO, GRUB).

    3. Reboot your system with the new kernel.

    ***

    7 Manual Module Loading(如果不想編譯Kernel那麼累,用底下的方法「偷懶」吧!只是,相關指令沒放到/etc/rc.local的話,重開機就失效囉!)

    ========================

    After booting the Linux kernel and compiling the driver as a loadable

    kernel module (LKM), the driver needs to be loaded.

    1. Enter "modprobe sk98lin".(用這個指令把網路卡模組掛進來)

    2. If any Marvell Yukon(TM) based adapter is installed in your computer

    and you have a mounted /proc file system, execute the command:

    # ls /proc/net/sk98lin/ (這段話是說如果裝好Drive,應該可以看到這個檔案)

    This should produce an output line of the following format:

    eth0 eth1 ...

    which indicates that your adapter(s) has/have been found and initialized.

    NOTE: For further information (e.g. the driver parameters) refer to

    the sk98lin.txt file.

    ***

    8 Unloading the Module(移除載入模組)P.S.小弟是覺得除非有安裝不完整的狀況,否則這段應該用不到!:p

    =======================

    Unloading of the sk98lin driver is only possible if it has been

    compiled as loadable kernel module. Before the driver module can be unloaded,

    all interfaces of the driver module need to be stopped using the following

    sequence of commands:

    1. Execute the command "ifconfig YOUR_DEVICE down":

    # ifconfig eth0 down

    # ifconfig eth1 down

    # ifconfig ... down

    2. Execute the command "rmmod sk98lin".

    ***

    9 Driver Parameters(這裡要注意一下/etc/modules.conf喔!RHEL4已經把它換成了/etc/modprobe.conf這個東東,FC4有沒有換可能要請你自己確定一下喔!這裡可能要編輯一下該檔案,設定網路卡模組)

    ====================

    When loading the driver as a kernel module, additional parameters

    can be passed to the driver for configuration.

    Those parameters can be passed in two ways: You can either

    - state them on the modprobe command line

    or

    - set them in the file /etc/modules.conf (old name:

    /etc/conf.modules), in order to force the kernel module loader

    to pass them to the driver at load-time.

    NOTE: For further information about the driver parameters and their

    possible values refer to the sk98lin.txt file.

    ***

    10 Ethtool Commands

    ====================

    The sk98lin driver provides built-in ethtool support. The ethtool

    can be used to display or modify interface specific configurations.

    NOTE: For further information about provided ethtool commands and their

    possible values refer to the sk98lin.txt file.

    ***

    11 Troubleshooting(有問題?E-mail到 linux@syskonnect.de 可以得到幫助喔!另外,底下也有假設一些狀況的處理方法,真遇到麻煩時再看看吧!)

    ===================

    If any problems occur during the installation process, check the

    following list of known problems. If you cannot find your problem

    in the list below, please contact SysKonnect's technical support

    for help (linux@syskonnect.de). When contacting our technical

    support, please ensure that the following information is available:

    - the 'install.log' file created by the install script 'install.sh'

    - System Manufacturer and HW Informations (CPU, Memory... )

    - PCI-Boards in your system

    - Distribution

    - Kernel version

    - Driver version

    Problem: The SK-98xx adapter cannot be found by the driver.

    Solution: In /proc/pci search for the following entry:

    'Ethernet controller: SysKonnect SK-98xx ...'

    If this entry exists, the SK-98xx or SK-98xx V2.0 adapter has

    been found by the system and should be operational.

    If this entry does not exist or if the file '/proc/pci' is not

    found, there may be a hardware problem or the PCI support may

    not be enabled in your kernel.

    The adapter can be checked using the diagnostics program which

    is available on the SysKonnect web site:

    www.syskonnect.com

    Problem: Programs such as 'ifconfig' or 'route' cannot be found or the

    error message 'Operation not permitted' is displayed.

    Reason: You are not logged in as user 'root'.

    Solution: Logout and login as 'root' or change to 'root' via 'su'.

    Problem: The driver can be started, but if an ip address is assigned

    to an adapter no link up indication appears although it is

    connected to the network. It is also not possible to receive

    or transmit any packets; e.g. 'ping' does not work.

    Reason: The adapter does not receive any interrupts from the Linux

    system. This can happen when using the APIC (Advanced

    Programmable Interrupt Controller) of an SMP compiled kernel

    on a UP envrionment.

    Solution: Use the Linux kernel parameters 'noapic' or 'nolapic' when

    booting your kernel. This can be done by adding those kernel

    parameters to the boot manager kernel selection menu (either

    /boot/grub/menu.lst (GRUB) or /etc/lilo.conf (LILO)).

    When you build a kernel, deselect option CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC.

    Problem: The driver can be started, the adapter is connected to the

    network and a link up indication is displayed, but you cannot

    receive or transmit any packets; e.g. 'ping' does not work.

    Reason: There is an incorrect route in your routing table or the

    remote host is unreachable.

    Solution: Check the routing table with the command 'route' and read the

    manual help pages dealing with routes (enter 'man route').

    Check the connection to the remote host system.

    Problem: At driver start, the following error message is displayed:

    "eth0: -- ERROR --

    Class: internal Software error

    Nr: 0xcc

    Msg: SkGeInitPort() cannot init running ports"

    Reason: You are using a driver compiled for single processor machines

    on a multiprocessor machine with SMP (Symmetric MultiProcessor)

    kernel.

    Solution: Configure your kernel appropriately and recompile the kernel.

    ***

    ***End of Readme File***

     

    Source(s): 超兩光的工程師自己
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  • 2 decades ago

    真是熱心人士

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