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Anonymous asked in 政治與政府政治 · 2 decades ago



sir wilfred laurier

henri bourassa

clifford sifton








2 Answers

  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    Prime Minister Sir Wilfrid LaurierSir Wilfrid Laurier had the longest unbroken term of office of any Canadian prime minister. Laurier was Prime Minister of Canada for 15 years and a member of the House of Commons for 45 years. Sir Wilfrid Laurier was the first francophone Prime Minister of Canada, fluently bilingual, and spent much of his time in office trying to balance the interests of the French and English in Canada. Laurier was a moderate and known for his ability to compromise. Prime Minister of Canada: 1896-1911 Highlights of Term of Office:  established the Departments of Labour and External Affairs recruited immigrants to the West provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan created in 1905 two new transcontinental railways begun, although the projects were riddled with scandal reciprocity deal with the United States for lower rates on natural products, but Liberals were defeated on free trade in 1911 stand against conscription split the Liberal party Birth: November 20, 1841 in St. Lin, Canada East (Quebec)Death:February 17, 1919 in Ottawa, Ontario Education: BCL - McGill University Joseph-Napoléon-Henri Bourassa (September 1, 1868- August 30, 1952) was a French Canadian political leader and publisher.Born in Montreal, Quebec, Henri Bourassa was a grandson of Louis-Joseph Papineau. He was educated at Montreal's École polytechnique and at Holy Cross College in Worcester, Massachusetts. In 1890, he became mayor of the town of Montebello at age 22.In 1896, he was elected to the House of Commons as an independent Liberal, but resigned in 1899 to protest against the sending of Canadian troops to the Boer War. He was re-elected soon after his resignation. He argued that Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier was un vendu ("a sell-out") to British imperialism and its supporters in Canada.To counter what he perceived to be the evils of imperialism, in 1903 he created the Nationalist League (Ligue Nationaliste) to instill a pan-Canadian nationalist spirit in the Francophone population. The League opposed political dependence on either Britain or the United States, supporting instead Canadian autonomy within the British Empire.Bourassa left the federal parliament in 1907, but remained active in Quebec politics. He continued to criticize Laurier, opposing Laurier's attempts to build a Canadian navy in 1911, which he believed would draw Canada into future imperial wars between Britain and Germany. He supported the eventual creation of an independent navy, but did not want it to be under British command, as Laurier had planned. This lack of support helped cause Laurier and the Liberals to lose the 1911 election.In 1910, he founded the newspaper Le Devoir to promote the Nationalist League, and served as its editor until 1932.In 1913, Bourassa denounced the government of Ontario as "more Prussian than Prussia" during the Ontario Schools Question crisis (see Regulation 17), after Ontario restricted the use of French in their schools and made English the official language of instruction.Bourassa led French Canadian opposition to participation in World War I, especially Robert Borden's plans to implement conscription in 1917. He agreed that the war was necessary for the survival of France and Britain, but felt that only those Canadians who volunteered for service should be sent to the battlefields of Europe.He returned to the House of Commons in the 1925 election with his election as an Independent MP, and remained until his defeat in the 1935 election. In the 1930s, Bourassa demanded that Canada keep its gates shut to Jewish immigrants, as did many other Canadian politicians of the time, liberal or conservative, including the Prime Minister of Canada, William Lyon MacKenzie King.Bourassa also opposed conscription in World War II, though less effectively, and was a member of the Bloc populaire. His influence on Quebec's politics can still be in seen today in all major provincial parties.On his passing in 1952, Henri Bourassa was interred in Montreal's Cimetière Notre-Dame-des-Neiges. Henri Bourassa Blvd., Henri-Bourassa metro station, and the federal riding of Bourassa, all in Montreal, are named for him.Sifton, Sir Clifford Politician (born on March 10, 1861, near Arva, Canada West [Ont.]; died on April 17, 1929, at New York City, U.S.). It was largely because of Clifford Sifton that western Canada was settled by people from Ukraine, Poland, Germany, and many other European countries. His immigration program brought Europeans flocking to the prairies. Sifton had moved West in 1875. In the early 1880s, he practised law in Brandon, Man., with his brother Arthur, and from 1888 to 1896 he was a member of the Manitoba legislature. He served as a Liberal cabinet minister in the legislature 1891-96.Moving to federal politics in 1896, Sifton was appointed minister of the interior in Prime Minister Laurier's government. As such, he was in charge of Canada's immigration policy. At the time, English-speaking people were the most favoured immigrants, since Canadians of British origin wanted Canada to be overwhelmingly British. But Sifton believed that farming people from eastern and central Europe would make excellent homesteaders.Besides seeking settlers in Britain and the United States, he launched a vigorous program to attract farmers from continental Europe. Begun in 1896-97, this program was so well organized and so successful that it continued long after Sifton left politics.Sifton resigned his Cabinet post in 1905, since he was strongly against some of Laurier's policies. Having broken with the Liberal party, he retired from Parliament altogether in 1911. He was knighted in 1915 and continued to play a powerful role in public affairs, especially through his newspaper; since 1898 he had been owner of the Manitoba Free Press.這樣可以嗎?? 又是作業對不對~

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