Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 2 decades ago


我近來參訪了一些文法書,也學到了名辭之中有特殊的名詞會因為涵義不同而造成動詞的單複數不同,那就是"複合名詞" , 比方說"family","committee","faculty","class"等等... 我非常想要學習"大量的"這方面的字,希望各路高手能夠幫幫我,提供多一點...謝謝.



1 Answer

  • 2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    那不叫做複合名詞 (compound nouns), 而是集合名詞 (collective nouns).所謂的集合名詞 (collective nouns),當它們被視為群體時,它們是單數,若我們考慮的是群體內的個體,那麼它們是複數 (這種情況有時發生,但並不常見)。audiencebandclasscommitteecrowddozenfamilyflockgroupheapherdjurykindlot[the] numberpublicstaffteam因此,如果我們在談論雞蛋,我們可以說 "A dozen is probably not enough." 但如果我們在談論跟朋友參加晚會,我們可以說 "A dozen are coming over this afternoon." The jury delivers its verdict. [但] The jury came in and took their seats. 我們可以說 the Tokyo String Quartet is one of the best string ensembles in the world, 但 the Beatles were some of the most famous singers in history.注意:"the number" 是單數集合名詞。"The number of applicants is steadily increasing." 相對地,"a number" 是複數型:"There are several students in the lobby. A number are here to see the president."集合名詞都是可數名詞 (count nouns),意謂它們可以複數型來表示:a university has several athletic teams and classes. 又如 the immigrant families kept watch over their herds and flocks.One of theOne of the reasons we do this is that it rains a lot in spring. One of the students in this room is responsible. 複合名詞: Words can be combined to form compound nouns. These are very common, and new combinations are invented almost daily. They normally have two parts. The second part identifies the object or person in question (man, friend, tank, table, room). The first part tells us what kind of object or person it is, or what its purpose is (police, boy, water, dining, bed).  The two parts may be written in a number of ways :1. as one word.Example: policeman, boyfriend2. as two words joined with a hyphen.Example: dining-table3. as two separate words.Example: fish tank.

Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.