女少 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 2 decades ago

關於幼兒音樂的一篇英文翻譯

感謝幫忙翻譯的各位先生小姐,請笑納我微薄的心意,10點.

Transfer effects

If engaging in one activity causes behavioral changes in another area,the first activity is said to transfer to the second area.Does music instruction transfer to other areas of school curriculum?If so ,to which areas,and to what extent?One can read varied opinions about the transfer effects of music instruction.However,because research findings represent the best means available for securing solid information,this brief review is based on research results.

Several major attempts have been made to assess the results of arts instruction on general learning ability.In some cases,notably the Interdis-ciplinary Model Program in the Arst for Children and Terchers(IMPACT) and the Dallas”Learning to Learn through Music” program, positive results were achieved,but other data indicate that the enriched programs made little difference.Similarly mixed conclusions can be drawn about the claims for the transfer to general learning of the Kod`aly-Hungarian Singing School programs.

The arer most likely to benefit from transfer of music instruction appears to be laguage arts.Tow studies conclude that certain aspects of music instruction transfer to some aspects of reading achievement.

It has been known for some time that many stutterers sing without their usual hesitations.The likelihood that singing can improve some speech disorders suggests a positive transfer effect,but more research is needed in this area.

In the few studies that have been conducted to assess the connection between music study and skills in mathematics or social studies,little relationship has been found.

The limited amount of research on the effects of music instruction on self-concept and personality change has yielded inconclusive results.Generally,little difference is observed as the result of music instruction.

There is evidence of expanded chest and lung capacity when regular music instruction includes singing.Information is not available regarding other physical changes that may occur as a result of music instruction.In any case,the physical benefits of music study are small when compared to those of physical education and health instruction.

This discussion of the transfer effects of music instruction can best be summarized by citing the conclusions reached by Karen I.Wolff after her review of research on the topic.

The weight of evidence gleaned from the research leads one to believe that there may be measueable effects of music education on the develoment of cognitive skills and understanding.This seems to be true for both general thansfer,i.e.,”learning how to learn,”and specific transfer.Specilfic transfer is particularly apparent in its effect on performance in the language arts….

While it is ture that most of the research related to the nonmusical outcomes of music education has produced positive results,the conclusions drawn generally remain unconvincing.This is due largely to obvious inadequacies in the experimental designs and also to the incomplete and equivocal descriptions of the experiments themselves.

2 Answers

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  • 2 decades ago
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    遷移動產

    假如僱傭合一行動引起行為的變化在另外的區域,第1個行動被說轉機到第2個區域.音樂指令轉移給其他的區域的學校課程嗎?假如如此 ,到哪個區域,和到什麼程度?1條能讀變更意見大約遷移動產的音樂指令.然而,因為研究成果表現最好的意味有用的為了保護固體的資訊,這簡短的回顧被依據研究結果.

    幾個主修的企圖使被製造了評價結果的文科教授上普通的學習才幹.在某些實例,顯著地Interdis-ciplinary模型節目在Arst為了孩子和Terchers (碰撞) 和這個達拉斯”學習學習穿過音樂” 節目,正性結果被達到,而是其他的資料指出富裕程式製造很少的差異.同樣混合的總結能從事於要求轉移給一般學習的Kod拉`aly-匈牙利語唱學校程式.

    公畝大概獲益自轉移的音樂指令出現是laguage文科.拖學習推斷確定的方面的音樂指令轉移給某些方面的閱讀成就.

    它被知道了許多的口吃唱沒有他們的通常的猶豫的一段時間.可能性那個唱能改進某些語言失常建議正遷移結果,但是更多的研究被需要在這區域.

    在少數學習那個有是引導到評價這連結之間音樂學習和對熟練數學社會學習, 少許有關係的有是發現.

    有限的數量人的研究準時地動產的音樂教授在自己-思想和人格變化出產了非決定性的結果.通常,很少的差異被觀察結果的音樂指令.

    有證據的規則的音樂指令包括唱的擴充胸膛和肺活量.資訊並非立即可得的關於可以發生由於音樂指令的結果的其他的物理變化.無論如何,身體的利益人的音樂學習是小的時候好比那些的體育( 課)和健康指令.

    這討論的遷移動產的音樂指令最好的能被總結附近枚舉總結到達附近卡倫我.Wolff之後她的回顧的研究準時地主題.

    這有分量的證據點滴收集從這研究領導一到相信那個在那裡可能是measueable動產的音樂教育準時地develoment的認識技能和了解.這似乎是真實的為了雙方的普通的thansfer, 也就是,”學習如何學習, ”和明確的遷移.Specilfic遷移獨特地是顯然的在它的對有影響履行在語言文科….

    一會兒它是ture那個最多的這研究有關的到這nonmusical結果的音樂教育有畸形伸長的正性結果, 這總結拉拖通常剩下難以置信.這是到期主要地到明顯的不適當在這實驗設計和也到這不完全的和模稜兩可描述的這實驗他們自己.

  • ?
    Lv 7
    2 decades ago

    這麼 "微薄"的心意,這麼大篇的文章....還有什麼好抱怨的???

    一分錢一分貨的道理您懂吧?

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