Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文文法(未來式動詞)

以下的文法有什麼不一樣的意思呢?還有什麼的狀況或狀態使用呢? 怎麼樣的情況不可以用呢? 請寫一個例句並翻譯, 我想這樣我會更明白什麼意思的!

(1)Future continuous

(2)Future perfect

(3)Future perfect Continuous

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
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    Future Tense 系列

    Simple Future Tense (將來式)

    Simple Future Tense 是 Future Tense 最基本的一環,它只交待一個未來的動作,其特性如下:

    1. 講述未來的動作或情況。

    E.g.:I Think it will be fine tomorrow.

    E.g.:I shall not go to school.

    E.g.:We shall discuss it later.

    Note: 咱們可以在任何情況下用 will, 亦可以用 shall,不過 shall 只局限於 I 或 We 之後,其縮寫為 Shan't。

    2. 當講述未來之餘

    而這未來的動作或情況是非常接近現在; 或現在的情況已經未來結果的一部分; 或者現在有証據 (visual evidence) 顯示未來結果發生的可能。

    咱們會用 be going to 來代替 will

    (很複雜是嗎?看看例子就能明白啦)。

    E.g.:Look at the black clouds in the sky, it's going to rain.

    因為看見到黑雲(visual evidence),所以就可以斷言很快就會下雨。

    E.g.:Now is a rainy season, I think it will rain soon.

    一個普通的未來假設。

    E.g.:Tell her not to eat too much, she is going to put on weight.

    她已經有點兒肥了,再這麼能吃的,就會變成肥姐啦。

    E.g.:She won't eat meat, she's afraid she will put on weight.

    又是一個普通的假設。她不吃肉是因為她害怕變得肥胖,但她現在可能一點又不肥喎。

    3. 當講述一個已經計劃了的未來動作 (scheduled action),咱們會用 Present Continuous Tense。

    E.g.:

    Sheringham: I haven't told Ann about the picnic.

    Cole: I'll tell her. I'm going to call her tonight anyway.

    E.g.:

    Sheringham: Let's go to the cinema this evening.

    Cole: I can't. I'm having dinner with Ruth.

    4. 當講述確定了的時間表時 (fixed timetable or fixed programme),我們可以用 Simple Present Tense。

    (這個特性較少人會注意到)

    E.g.:

    Sheringham: There is a live football match on television this evening.

    Cole: When does the programme start?

    這個等性很容易會與前一個特性混淆,而且當用上 Simple Future Tense 時亦冇不妥,所以這個特性其實可以愛理不理。

    End of this part----

    Future Continuous Tense (將來進行式)

    這個 Tense 是用來表達一些在將來會進行中的動作。

    E.g.:Don't phone me this afternoon. I will be playing football.

    E.g.:You can come to my home next night. I will be doing homework.

    其他特性如下:

    1. 就如 Present Continuous Tense 一樣,可以用 Future Continuous Tense 來交待一些已經計劃了的動作(scheduled action)。

    E.g.:I'll be doing some shopping this afternoon. Can I get you anything?

    Note:同時間咱們亦可以以 Present Continuous Tense 來交待相同的情況

    E.g.:I'm doing some shopping this afternoon. Can I get you anything?

    不過當然 Future Continuous Tense 亦會有其獨特的特性,而這特特都算是甚為重要:

    2. 當我們有求於人,或有所提問時,都會用 Will you be doing something? 的方式,情況如下。

    E.g.:

    Victoria: Will you be using the computer this afternoon?

    Beckham: No, you can use it.

    End of this part----

    Future Perfect Tense (將來完成式)

    當咱們表達在未來的一段特定的時間內將會完成的事時,就會用上 Future Perfect Tense。

    E.g.:You can borrow the book next Monday. I'll have finished it by then.

    E.g.:You can come to my office tomorrow. I'll have been back to Hong Kong tonight.

    E.g.:Don't worry, I'll have finished the homework by the end of tonight.

    E.g.:The dinner will have been ready by the time you return to home tonight.

    心水清的一定會發現每一句都會有一個 by 字,這個 by 是用來界定一個特定的時間。不過除了用 by 之外,當然還可以以其他字來界定時間。

    End of this part----

    Future Perfect Continuous Tense

    (將來完成進行式)

    Future Perfect Continuous Tense 表示一個動作比 Simple Future Tense 更早發生,持續至 Simple Future,有可能會超越 Simple Future。

    它的用法與 Present Perfect Continuous Tense 及 Past Perfect Continuous Tense相同,只是時態不同。

    E.g.:By the end of next year, I will have been living here for 5 years.

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