Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 科學化學 · 2 decades ago

α-pinene β-pinene的主要來源是從哪得到.急需

α-pinene β-pinene的主要來源是從哪得到..(急需)_

Update:

樓下這位大大很謝謝你低答案,不過他都是英文低ㄝ 可以用中文ㄉ來說明嗎~_~

2 Answers

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  • Yy
    Lv 7
    2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    pinene 的主要來源是從哪得到?看其文 知其義 pinene 最第一次找到是從 pine 松樹 (松節油所得)可以說松柏植物都有可能有以下是其主要來源Pinus walliciana A.B. JACKSON -- 喜馬拉亞松(喬松)Eucalyptus globulus LABILL. -- 桉Juniperus macropoda BOISS. --柏 Salvia officinalis L--鼠尾草Mentha x piperita subsp. nothosubsp. piperita -- 薄荷alpha-pineneSpecies Part Quantity Reference Pinus insularis ENDL. -- Khasi Pine Resin, Exudate, Sap 270,000-941,000 ppm WOI Pinus kesiya Royle -- Khasi Pine Resin, Exudate, Sap 270,000-941,000 ppm WOI Pinus gerardiana WALL. -- Chilgoza Pine Resin, Exudate, Sap 700,000-800,000 ppm WOI Apium graveolens L. -- Celery Root Essent. Oil 179,000 ppm DUKE1992A Pinus palustris MILLER -- Longleaf Pine Resin, Exudate, Sap 160,750 ppm GEO JBH Pinus roxburghii SARG. -- Chir Pine, Himalayan Longleaf Resin, Exudate, Sap 200,000-300,000 ppm WOI Leptospermum polygalifolium SALISB. Leaf 116,875-137,500 ppm 5101 Cistus ladaniferus L. -- Ambreine, Gum Cistus, Labdanum, Rockrose Leaf 31,500 ppm DUKE1992A Petroselinum crispum (MILLER) NYMAN EX A. W. HILLL -- Parsley Seed 31,080 ppm DUKE1992A Apium graveolens L. -- Celery Et 14,000 ppm DUKE1992A Citrus limon (L.) BURMAN f. -- Lemon Pericarp Essent. Oil 14,000 ppm DUKE1992A Coriandrum sativum L. -- Chinese Parsley, Cilantro, Coriander Fruit 13,780 ppm DUKE1992A Apium graveolens L. -- Celery Fruit Essent. Oil 10,000 ppm DUKE1992A Juniperus communis L. -- Common Juniper, Juniper Fruit 9,200 ppm DUKE1992A Foeniculum vulgare MILLER -- Fennel Fruit 8,820 ppm DUKE1992A Hedeoma drummondii BENTH. -- Drummond's Pennyroyal Plant 6,780 ppm BML Curcuma longa L. -- Indian Saffron, Turmeric Essential Oil 5,300 ppm DUKE1992A Abies balsamea (L.) MILLER -- Balsam Fir Plant 5,050 ppm DUKE1992A Chenopodium ambrosioides L. -- Epazote, Wormseed Plant 4,800 ppm DUKE1992A Rosmarinus officinalis L. -- Rosemary Plant 4,750 ppm BML JAD JEO3:11 JE39:167 FFJ9:29 Artemisia annua L. -- Annual Mugwort (GRIN), Annual Wormwood (GRIN), Qinghao, Sweet Annie, Sweet Wormwood (GRIN) Leaf 3,760 ppm DUKE1992A Peucedanum ostruthium (L.) KOCH -- Masterwort Root 3,360 ppm DUKE1992A Elettaria cardamomum (L.) MATON -- Cardamom Fruit 3,000 ppm DUKE1992A Abies sachalinensis MASTERS -- Japanese Fir, Shin-Yo-Yu Branches 2,700 ppm DUKE1992A Pycnanthemum loomisii NUTT. -- Loomis' Mountain Mint Shoot 2,646 ppm BML Pinus sylvestris L. -- Scotch Pine Leaf 2,500 ppm HHB Laurus nobilis L. -- Bay, Bay Laurel, Bayleaf, Grecian Laurel, Laurel, Sweet Bay Leaf 2,400 ppm DUKE1992A Piper cubeba L. f. -- Cubeb, Cubeb Pepper Fruit 2,200 ppm DUKE1992A Apium graveolens L. -- Celery Leaf Essent. Oil 2,000 ppm DUKE1992A Citrus limon (L.) BURMAN f. -- Lemon Leaf Essent. Oil 2,000 ppm DUKE1992A Sassafras albidum (NUTT.) NEES -- Sassafras Root 2,000 ppm DUKE1992A Monarda punctata L. -- Horsemint Plant 1,974 ppm BML Zingiber officinale ROSCOE -- Ginger Rhizome 1,950 ppm DUKE1992A Monarda fistulosa L. -- Wild Bergamot Plant 1,823 ppm BML Salvia triloba L. -- Greek Sage Plant 1,800 ppm BML HHB Artemisia salsoloides WILLD. Shoot 0-3,300 ppm 5001 Thymus vulgaris L. -- Common Thyme, Garden Thyme, Thyme Plant 1,598 ppm ABS BML HHB Salvia officinalis L. -- Sage Plant 1,540 ppm BML JAD Angelica archangelica L. -- Angelica, Garden Angelica, Wild Parsnip Seed 1,500 ppm DUKE1992A Rosmarinus officinalis L. -- Rosemary Shoot 1,080-3,000 ppm JEO5:243 Umbellularia californica (HOOK. & ARN.) NUTT. -- California Bay Plant 1,440 ppm DUKE1992A Myrtus communis L. -- Arrayan (Sp.), Mirto (Sp.), Myrte (Ger.), Myrtle Plant 1,420 ppm DUKE1992A Rosmarinus tomentosus HUBER-MORATH & MAIRE -- Hairy Rosemary Shoot 665-2,830 ppm JEO5:243 Illicium verum HOOK. f. -- Chinese Star Anise, Chinesischer Sternanis (Ger.), Star Anise, Sternanis (Ger.), anis de China (Sp.), anis estrellado (Sp.) Fruit 1,310 ppm DUKE1992A Daucus carota L. -- Carrot Seed 1,300 ppm DUKE1992A Rosmarinus officinalis L. -- Rosemary Shoot 1,250-2,545 ppm JEO5:243 Pycnanthemum setosum NUTT. -- Setose Mountain Mint Shoot 1,209 ppm BML Rosmarinus officinalis L. -- Rosemary Shoot 990-2,180 ppm JEO5:243 Mentha longifolia (L.) HUDS. -- Biblical Mint Shoot 1,065 ppm BML JEO3:57 PM57:A83 Pycnanthemum tenuifolium SCHRAD. -- Slenderleaf Mountain Mint Shoot 1,020 ppm BML Micromeria teneriffae Leaf 0-2,030 ppm JEO3:387 Anethum graveolens L. -- Dill, Garden Dill Fruit 1,001 ppm DUKE1992A Achillea millefolium L. -- Milfoil, Yarrow Leaf 1,000 ppm DUKE1992A Artemisia dracunculus L. -- Tarragon Shoot 1,000 ppm DUKE1992A Canarium indicum L. -- Java-Olive, Manila Elemi Essential Oil 1,000 ppm DUKE1992A Peumus boldus MOLINA -- Boldo Leaf 1,000 ppm DUKE1992A Pimenta racemosa (MILL.) J. W. MOORE -- Bayrum Tree, West Indian Bay Leaf 950 ppm DUKE1992A Satureja douglasii (BENTH.) BRIQ. -- Douglas' Savory Plant 884 ppm BML Thymus saturejoides -- Moroccan Savory Thyme Shoot 0-1,750 ppm JEO5:45 Rosmarinus x lavandulaceus DE NOE -- Lavender Rosemary Shoot 405-1,740 ppm JEO5:243 Abies alba MILLER -- Silver-Fir Plant 826 ppm BML Cunila origanoides (L.) BRITTON -- American Dittany, Dittany, Frost Flower, Frost Mint, Maryland Dittany, Mountain Dittany, Stone Mint Shoot 812 ppm BML Skimmia arborescens T. ANDERSON EX GAMBLE -- Skimmia Leaf 325-1,560 ppm HHB WOI Sideritis pauli PAU -- El Molinillo Sideritis Shoot 0-1,540 ppm JJF7:47 Rosmarinus eriocalyx JORDAN & FOURR. -- Rosemary Shoot 895-1,505 ppm JEO5:243 Rosmarinus x mendizabalii SAGREDO EX ROSUA -- Mendizabali's Rosemary Shoot 680-1,500 ppm JEO5:243 Lavandula latifolia MEDIK. -- Aspic, Broad-Leaved Lavender, Spike Lavender Plant 748 ppm BML Trachyspermum ammi (L.) SPRAGUE ex TURRILL -- Ajwan Fruit 720 ppm DUKE1992A Pycnanthemum pycnanthemoides (LEAVENW.) FERNALD -- Typical Mountain Mint Shoot 696 ppm BML Isanthus brachiatus (L.) BSP -- False Pennyroyal Plant 684 ppm BML Lycopus virginicus L. -- Bugle Plant 666 ppm BML Thymus orospedanus H. del VILLAR -- Orosped Thyme Plant 665 ppm JNP Rosmarinus eriocalyx JORDAN & FOURR. -- Rosemary Shoot 680-1,225 ppm JEO5:243 Carum carvi L. -- Caraway, Carum, Comino (Sp.), Comino de prado (Sp.), Kummel (Ger.) Fruit 540 ppm DUKE1992A Micromeria varia subsp. thymoides -- Madeiran 'Hyssop' Shoot 0-1,055 ppm FFJ10(3):199 Hedeoma reverchonii GRAY -- Reverchon's Pennyroyal Plant 525 ppm BML Mentha pulegium L. -- European Pennyroyal Plant 520 ppm BML CRC JAD Citrus limon (L.) BURMAN f. -- Lemon Essential Oil 500 ppm DUKE1992A Foeniculum vulgare MILLER -- Fennel Plant 480 ppm DUKE1992A Aralia cordata L. -- Udo Root 475 ppm DUKE1992A Monarda media WILLD. -- Mean Monarda Plant 434 ppm BML Mentha x rotundifolia (L.) HUDSON -- Applemint Leaf 430 ppm JAD Thymus broussonettii BOISS. -- Moroccan Thyme Shoot 0-860 ppm JEO5:45 Citrus reticulata BLANCO -- Mandarin, Tangerine Fruit 393 ppm DUKE1992A Eucalyptus citriodora HOOK. -- Citron-Scented Gum, Lemon Eucalyptus, Lemon-Scented Gum, Spotted Gum Leaf 380 ppm DUKE1992A Mentha spicata L. -- Hortela da Folha Miuda, Spearmint Leaf 375 ppm BML CRC JAD Origanum vulgare var. hirtum (LINK) IETSWAART -- Istanbul Kekigi, Turkish Oregano Plant 0-730 ppm JEO5:425 Origanum sipyleum L. -- Bayircayi, Guveyoto Shoot 0-725 ppm JEO4:139 Thymus serpyllum L. -- Creeping Thyme Plant 362 ppm BML HHB Melaleuca alternifolia (MAIDEN & BETCHE) CHEEL -- Teatree Leaf 200-700 ppm TPA BML Monarda didyma L. -- Beebalm, Oswego Tea Plant 350 ppm BML Vitex agnus-castus L. -- Chaste-Tree Leaf 21-685 ppm JEO2:115 Micromeria fruticosa subsp. barbata (BOISS. & KY.) P.H. DAVIS -- Tea Hyssop, Zopha, Zuta Shoot 0-670 ppm JEO3:477 Salvia canariensis L. -- Canary Island Sage Leaf 0-670 ppm FFJ9:201 Cuminum cyminum L. -- Cumin Fruit 330 ppm DUKE1992A Lepechinia calycina EPLING -- Epling's Lepechinia Plant 325 ppm BML Thymus longicaulis C. PRESL -- Kekik, Tas Kekik Shoot 0-635 ppm JEO5:291 Cymbopogon nardus (L.) RENDLE -- Ceylon Citronella, Citronella Plant 312 ppm BML Pimpinella anisum L. -- Anise, Sweet Cumin Fruit 306 ppm DUKE1992A Mentha arvensis var. piperascens MALINV. EX L. H. BAILEY -- Cornmint, Field Mint, Japanese Mint Plant 300 ppm GEO JAD Micromeria varia subsp. thymoides -- Madeiran 'Hyssop' Shoot 0-585 ppm FFJ10:199 Acorus calamus L. -- Calamus, Flagroot, Myrtle Flag, Sweet Calamus, Sweetflag, Sweetroot Rhizome 280 ppm DUKE1992A Hyssopus officinalis L. -- Hyssop Leaf 280 ppm JAD FFJ6:69 JAF42:776 Pycnanthemum montanum MICHX. -- Montane Mountain Mint Shoot 272 ppm BML Thymus mastichina L. -- Spanish Marjoram Plant 260 ppm BML Thymus zygis L. -- Spanish Thyme Shoot 0-520 ppm JEO5:45 Satureja obovata LAG. -- Iberian Savory, Savory Shoot 300-510 ppm FT60:277 Thymus zygis subsp. sylvestris -- 'Portuguese' Thyme Shoot 60-490 ppm JEO3:409 Citrus aurantiifolia (CHRISTM.) SWINGLE -- Lime Fruit 240 ppm DUKE1992A Satureja thymbra L. -- Goat Oregano Shoot 0-480 ppm ZLU197:20 Cinnamomum verum J. PRESL -- Ceylon Cinnamon, Cinnamon Bark 236 ppm DUKE1992A Mentha x piperita subsp. nothosubsp. piperita -- Peppermint Leaf 230 ppm JAD Lavandula x hybrida BALB. EX GING. -- Hybrid Lavender Shoot 300-455 ppm JEO5:443 Hyptis suaveolens POIT. -- Wild Hops Plant 215 ppm QJC28:74 Teucrium cyprium BOISS. -- 'Cyprus' Germander Leaf 0-430 ppm JE35:105 Monarda citriodora CERV. EX LAGASCA -- Lemon Mint Plant 214 ppm DUKE1992A Satureja obovata LAG. -- Iberian Savory, Savory Leaf 0-425 ppm PC35:83 Thymus funkii COUSS. -- Funk's Thyme Shoot 0-425 ppm FFJ10:379 Monarda lindheimeri ENGL. & GRAY -- Lindheimer's Monarda Plant 211 ppm BML Ageratum conyzoides L. -- Mexican ageratum Shoot 0-420 ppm 5005 Hedeoma pulegioides (L.) PERS. -- American Pennyroyal Plant 210 ppm BML Sideritis mugronensis Flower 15-410 ppm JEO3:395 Satureja cuneifolia TEN. -- Cuneate Turkish Savory Shoot 0-405 ppm JEO3:365 Lepechinia schiediana (SCHLECHT.) VATKE -- Schiede's Lepechinia Plant 200 ppm BML Levisticum officinale KOCH -- Lovage Root 200 ppm DUKE1992A Melaleuca linariifolia SMITH -- Paperbark Tea_tree Leaf 150-400 ppm GEO Pycnanthemum muticum (MICHX.) PERS. -- Muticous Mountain Mint Shoot 200 ppm BML Micromeria fruticosa -- Tasnanesi Leaf 0-390 ppm JEO3:387 Thymus funkii COUSS. -- Funk's Thyme Shoot 0-380 ppm FFJ10:379 Rosmarinus officinalis L. -- Rosemary Leaf 0-375 ppm FFJ9:29 Teucrium divaricatum var. canescens (CELAK.) HOLMBOE -- Hoary Divaricate Germander Leaf 0-365 ppm JE35:105 Ocimum basilicum L. -- Basil, Cuban Basil, Sweet Basil Plant 180 ppm DIE JAD Satureja obovata LAG. -- Iberian Savory, Savory Leaf 0-330 ppm PC35:83 Origanum sipyleum L. -- Bayircayi, Guveyoto Shoot 0-325 ppm JEO4:139 Origanum syriacum L. -- Za'Atar Shoot 0-325 ppm JEO3:121 Origanum minutiflorum O. SCHWARZ & P.H. DAVIS -- Small-Flowered Oregano Shoot 235-310 ppm JEO3:445 Thymus capitatus (L.) HOFFM. -- 'Sicilian' Thyme, Spanish Origanum, Spanish Thyme Plant 150 ppm BML Pycnanthemum virginianum (L.) DURAND & JACKSON -- Virginia Mountain Mint Shoot 145 ppm BML Pycnanthemum californicum TORR. -- California Mountain Mint Shoot 144 ppm BML Origanum vulgare L. -- Common Turkish Oregano, European Oregano, Oregano, Pot Marjoram, Wild Marjoram, Wild Oregano Plant 143 ppm BML JAD Pycnanthemum pilosum NUTT. -- Pilose Mountain Mint Flower 140 ppm BML Leaf 140 ppm BML Origanum syriacum L. -- Za'Atar Shoot 0-265 ppm JEO3:121 Teucrium micropodioides ROUY -- Small 'Cyprus' Germander Leaf 0-265 ppm JE35:105 Pilocarpus jaborandi HOLMES -- Indian Hemp, Pernambuco Jaborandi Leaf 125 ppm DUKE1992A Satureja montana L. -- Savory, Winter Savory Plant 5-245 ppm BML JE39:167 JEO3:147 Lavandula x intermedia EMERIC ex LOIS -- Dutch Lavender, Lavandin Plant 120 ppm BML Thymus riatarum HUMBERT & MAIRE -- 'Moroccan' Thyme Shoot 0-230 ppm JEO3:43 Pycnanthemum incanum (L.) MICHX. -- Hoary Mountain Mint Shoot 114 ppm BML Origanum vulgare subsp. hirtum (LINK) IETSWAART -- Common Turkish Oregano, Greek Oregano, Wild Oregano Shoot 0-225 ppm ZLU197:20 Satureja obovata LAG. -- Iberian Savory, Savory Leaf 0-225 ppm PC35:83 Meleleuca howeana CHEEL Leaf 102-221 ppm 5100 Micromeria fruticosa subsp. barbata (BOISS. & KY.) P.H. DAVIS -- Tea Hyssop, Zopha, Zuta Shoot 0-195 ppm JEO3:477 Hyssopus officinalis subsp. aristatus (GODR.) BRIQ. -- Hyssop Shoot 0-190 ppm JEO5:609 Monarda didyma L. -- Beebalm, Oswego Tea Leaf 90 ppm FFJ6:80 HHB Pycnanthemum clinopodioides TORR. & GRAY -- Clinopod Mountain Mint Shoot 88 ppm BML Origanum majorana L. -- Marjoram, Sweet Marjoram Plant 86 ppm BML Cleonia lusitanica (L.) L. -- Spanish Heal-All Leaf 90-170 ppm JEO3:441 Hyssopus officinalis subsp. aristatus (GODR.) BRIQ. -- Hyssop Shoot 0-170 ppm JEO5:609 Pycnanthemum curvipes (GREENE) GRANT & EPLING -- Curved Mountain Mint Shoot 84 ppm BML Sideritis athoa PAPANIKOLAOU ET KOKKINI -- Kedi Kuyrugu Cayi Shoot 0-160 ppm JEO5:669 Ocimum gratissimum L. -- Agbo, Shrubby Basil Plant 15-155 ppm BML GEO Satureja cilicica P.H. DAVIS -- Turkish Savory Shoot 0-150 ppm JEO5:547 Litsea glaucescens var. glaucescens -- Mexican bay Shoot 90-140 ppm EB46:21 Mentha aquatica L. -- Water Mint Leaf 68 ppm DUKE1992A Stachys germanica L. -- Downy Woundwort Plant 67 ppm BML Micromeria congesta BOISS. & HAUSSKN. -- Kaya Yarpuzu Leaf 95-130 ppm JEO3:387 Monarda clinopodia L. -- Clinopod Bergamot Plant 65 ppm BML Satureja obovata LAG. -- Iberian Savory, Savory Leaf 0-130 ppm PC35:83 Pycnanthemum verticillatum (MICHX.) PERS. -- Whorled Mountain Mint Shoot 63 ppm BML Apium graveolens L. -- Celery Seed 60 ppm DUKE1992A Citrus sinensis (L.) OSBECK -- Orange Fruit 60 ppm DUKE1992A Monarda citriodora CERV. EX LAGASCA -- Lemon Mint Flower 0-115 ppm JEO6:27 Sideritis mugronensis Leaf 75-110 ppm JEO3:395 Pycnanthemum albescens TORR. & GRAY -- White Mountain Mint Shoot 54 ppm BML Ocimum kilimandscharicum GUERKE -- African Blue Basil, Kenyan Perennial Basil Flower 55-105 ppm JEO4:125 Sideritis germanicolpitana BORNM Plant 88-104 ppm JEO4:533 Daucus carota L. -- Carrot Root 48 ppm DUKE1992A Calamintha nepeta subsp. glandulosa (REQ.) P.W.BALL -- Turkish Calamint Leaf 0-90 ppm JEO3:7 Micromeria croatica Leaf 0-90 ppm JEO3:387 Ocimum gratissimum L. -- Agbo, Shrubby Basil Flower 47-88 ppm JEO4:231 Ocimum kilimandscharicum GUERKE -- African Blue Basil, Kenyan Perennial Basil Leaf 40-85 ppm JEO4:125 Hyssopus officinalis L. -- Hyssop Shoot 0-80 ppm JAF42:776 Satureja glabella (MICHX.) BRIQ. -- Smooth Savory Plant 40 ppm BML 1 Teucrium polium var. valentinum -- Golden Germander, Iberian Golden Germander Shoot 0-80 ppm JEO5:397 Hyssopus officinalis L. -- Hyssop Shoot 0-70 ppm JAF42:776 Nepeta racemosa LAM. -- Catmint Shoot 0-70 ppm JEO5:215 Origanum onites L. -- Oregano, Pot Marjoram Shoot 0-66 ppm ZLU197:20 Leonotis leonurus (L.) R. BR. -- Lion's Ear Se 0-65 ppm JEO3:451 Micromeria juliana Leaf 0-65 ppm JEO3:387 Micromeria thymifolia Leaf 0-65 ppm JEO3:387 Monarda citriodora CERV. EX LAGASCA -- Lemon Mint Leaf 0-65 ppm JEO6:27 Agastache urticifolia (BENTH.) KUNTZE -- Nettle-Leaf Giant Hyssop Plant 32 ppm BML Hyssopus officinalis L. -- Hyssop Shoot 0-60 ppm JAF42:776 Micromeria dalmatica Leaf 0-60 ppm JEO3:387 Origanum onites L. -- Oregano, Pot Marjoram Shoot 0-60 ppm FFJ8:331 Leonurus cardiaca L. -- Motherwort Plant 28 ppm DUKE1992A Ocimum gratissimum L. -- Agbo, Shrubby Basil Shoot 0-55 ppm ZNA45:1073 Salvia gilliesii BENTH. -- 'Cordoba' Sage Shoot 0-55 ppm

    2005-10-05 12:24:50 補充:

    不知閣下要此化合物做什麼 若仍有問題請把題目寫詳細些 才能找到需要的答案 況且在發問處有補充問題 可隨時增加

    2005-10-05 13:00:02 補充:

    beta-pinene 來源的表格貼了三次 都不成 可能是太長了 請你去那網頁找吧 表中藍色斜體是學名 後面黑字是俗名 請您上網找其中文吧 主要來源的植物中文已提供了

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    7 years ago

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