Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英譯中 (deep/surface approach)

請幫我修訂英譯中,謝謝!

And the second point, which follows from the first, is that students take different approaches to learning; or in other words, students learn in different ways.

延續第一點而來的第二點,學生在學習時各有一套策略;換言之,學生有不同的學習方法。

It's possible to divide these different approaches into two main types: the deep approach to learning and, by contrast, the surface approach to learning.

我們可以將這些不同的學習方法分成主要的兩個類型︰深入式的學習,反之,淺嚐式的學習。

Let's look first at the deep approach. Students who take a deep approach aim to understand and use the subject.

我們首先來看深入式學習法。此類型的學生以了解和活用所學為目標。

They also value the subject: they think it's important and, usually, enjoyable. What are the characteristics of these learners?

他們也很珍視課業︰他們認為課業是相當重要的,而且通常是很有意思的。

Finally, they tend to read and study more than the course actually requires them to. So, that's the deep approach.

最後,他們趨於閱讀及學習比課堂要求他們更多的東西。這就是深入式學習。

Students who take a surface approach on the other hand, have the main aim of passing an exam or getting a qualification.

反之淺嚐式的學生,擁有通過測驗或取得證照的主要目的。

They are not so interested in the subject itself or in really understanding it.

他們並非對課程本身有興趣或者真正了解它。

Of course, teachers generally think that most students take this approach.

當然,老師通常認為大部份的學生都使用這種學習方法。

Second, they take a narrow view and concentrate on detail, rather than on the 'big picture.

第二,他們的觀念狹隘且專注於細節,倒不如把焦點放在「大圖」上。

And they tend to do only what the course requires them to do and no more; finally, they are motivated by fear of failure—they are afraid to fail the exam.

他們的態度傾向於只達成課堂上的要求,而不涉獵其他相關知識;最後,害怕失敗導致—他們害怕考試不及格。

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  • 1 decade ago
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    JM:你絕大多數的翻譯都很正確、通順,非常難得。只有一小部分語意的捕捉仍然不夠精確,我試著幫擬修正(紅色部分),你比對一下就了然於胸了。They also value the subject: they think it's important and, usually, enjoyable. What are the characteristics of these learners? 他們也珍視課程內容:因為他們認識其重要性,而且也會以學習為樂。 Second, they take a narrow view and concentrate on detail, rather than on the 'big picture. 其次,他們習慣以狹隘的觀點來看待課程,因而只重視課程內容的細節,而忽略了採取宏觀的視野。And they tend to do only what the course requires them to do and no more; finally, they are motivated by fear of failure—they are afraid to fail the exam. 他們的態度傾向於只達成課堂上的要求,而不涉獵其他相關知識;結論是:他們的學習動機是恐懼失敗—也就是害怕考試不及格。

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