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俊毅 asked in 科學生物學 · 1 decade ago

這裡有一些有關於英文的生物專有名詞~~

如題,我需要這些字的翻譯和功能~~~

1.Endomembrane System

2.Vesicles

3.Endoplasmic reticulum

4.Smooth ER

5.Rough ER

6.golgi aooartus

7.lysosomes

8.vaculoes

9.food vaculoes

10.contractile vaculoes

11.central vaculoes

1 Answer

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  • 1 decade ago
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    1.Endomembrane System : 內膜系統;由內質網形成的各種膜狀胞器(2~11均是).

    2.Vesicles : 囊泡;細胞內由膜所包著的液囊,較小的.

    3.Endoplasmic reticulum : 內質網;分 rER(Rough ER) 和 sER(Smooth ER)

    4.Smooth ER : 平滑型內質網 ;進行各種代謝過程,如~脂質合成,醣類代謝,解毒作用

    5.Rough ER : 粗糙型內質網;分泌性蛋白之合成.

    6.golgi aooartus : 高基氏體(應該是Golgi apparatus ),rER產物在此被進一步修改與儲存,然後運往其他目的地.(在分泌作用的細胞中特別多Golgi apparatus)

    7.lysosomes : 溶體;內含一些細胞用來消化大分子的水解酵素.

    8.vaculoes : 液泡;細胞內由膜所包著的液囊,較大的.

    9.food vaculoes : 食泡;內含食物的液泡.

    10.contractile vaculoes : 伸縮泡;淡水原生動物才有,可唧出過多的水分.

    11.central vaculoes : 中央液泡;植物細胞才有,儲存有機化合物&無機離子&色素...

    Source(s): Biology 6e中譯本, Campbell&Reece, 偉明圖書
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