Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

介係詞的用法

請告訴我介係詞的用法

例如at in for

謝謝大家

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  • 1 decade ago
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    6.介 詞 (Preposition)

    置於名詞、代名詞或動名詞等之前以表示該名詞、代名詞或動名詞與句中其他詞類之間的關係的字稱為介詞。介詞和及物動詞一樣,必須有受詞,跟在其後的名詞、代名詞等即為該介詞的受詞。 如:

    (1)

    I greatly appreciate your kindness in offering to help me with my English.

    (你有意要幫助我學英文我非常感謝你的好意。—— 我很感激你有意要幫助我學英文。)

    (2)

    She brought up a large family without any domestic help.

    (她在沒有家庭援助的情況下養育了很多子女。)

    (3)

    Do you attribute his success to hard work or good luck?

    (你把他的成功歸功於苦幹呢還是好運?)

    (4)

    A child of twelve called loudly to her outside the window.

    (一個十二歲的小孩在窗外向她大聲地叫喊。)

    (5)

    You're always in time for meals and behind time for work.

    (你吃飯總是準時而工作總是遲到。)

    (註)

    介詞是一種令人頗為頭痛的詞類。在許多許多場合中,介詞的使用不能依其本身的含義而隨心所欲,也無一定的規則可循。有時候同一個字之後卻可用不同的介詞而意義相同,也有時同一個字接不同的介詞即產生不同的含義,又有時同一個字之前用不同的介詞意義雖同但使用的場合不同。因此,學習介詞幾乎與學習單字無異,只有隨學隨記,而且要多加練習。若遇困難,求助於良好的字典。一般文法書裡所能提供的資料實在有限。試舉數例:

    a.

    Wait for me, please. (請等我。)

     

    b.

    She waits on (or waits upon) her husband hand and foot.

    (她無微不至地侍候她的丈夫。)

    wait for 是"等候"某人或某一個節日來臨等等;wait on (upon) 是"侍候"某人或為某人"服務"。

    a.

    A lazy person often says, "I am tired with working."

    (懶人常常說,"我工作得很累。")

    b.

    This man eats, drinks, and plays all day long, because he is tired of working.

    (這個人整天吃、喝、玩、樂,因為他討厭工作。)

    tired with 是"因…而疲倦";tired of 是"厭倦"。

    a.

    At the beginning of a book there is often a table of contents. At the end there may be an index.

    (書的開始時常有個目錄。末了可能有索引。)

    b.

    In the beginning he opposed the marriage, but in the end he gave his consent.

    (起初他反對這門親事,可是最後他答應了。)

    at the beginning 和 at the end的用法完全按照其字面上的含義而定。除了用在本例中外,其他如電影開始的時候如何如何,結束的時候如何如何都是用這兩個片語。

    in the beginning 的意思是"起初",相當於"at first";幾經轉折"終於"如何如何則用in the end,相當於"at last"。

    同一個字有時是介詞,有時是副詞。這一點倒不難認定,只需記住一個要點:接有受詞是介詞,否則即是副詞。 如:

    a.

    He got off the bus at the corner.

    (他在那轉角處下了公車。)

    本例中的 off 是介詞,因為它帶有受詞 the bus。

    b.

    He got off at the corner.

    (他在那轉角處下了車。)

    本例中的 off 不是介詞而是副詞,因為沒有受詞。

    a.

    The bus stop is just around (or round) the corner.

    (汽車站在那轉角處附近。)

    本例中的 around (round) 之後有受詞 the corner,所以是介詞。

    b.

    Come around (or round) to my house any evening.

    (隨便哪一天晚上到我家來。)

    本例中的 around (round) 之後沒有受詞,所以是副詞。

    Source(s): 賀氏英文文法
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  • at用於地點 時間

    如果用於地點小地方用at

    例:在家裡 at home

    如果講時間時時間前面要加at

    例:3:30 at 3:30

    ------------------------------------------------

    ------------------------------------------------

    in用於在....上 或指地點

    如果指地點放大地方

    例如:在台灣 in Taiwan

    -----------------------------------------------

    -----------------------------------------------

    for為了.... ...等

    用法很多

    例如:為了我 for me

    for是介係詞 所以後面動詞要加ing

    如果想要更清楚可以查字典

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    介係詞(prepositions)

    At a time   

    EX: at the end    

    six    

    nine am    

    midnight    

    christmas   

       sunset                

      

    On a day/date   

    EX: on Wednesday    

    my birthday    

    the first day    

    the weekend    

    holidays    

    Christmas day

    In a month

    EX: in July

    summer (season)

    winter

    the first 1/2 of the year

    odd ones (奇特的) in the middle

            in the morning

    afternoon

    In a year

    EX: in 2005

    the 1990s

    the this centry

    the olden days

    the last decade

    Source(s): 澳洲"學瘩
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